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Glossary of Plant Systematics (1st ed.) by Simpson (2006)

  • Referring to a group that consists of a common ancestor plus all (and only all) descendants of that ancestor.

Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by Sadava et al. (2011)

  • Pertaining to a group that consists of an ancestor and all of its descendants. (Contrast with paraphyletic, polyphyletic.)

Glossary of "The Evolution of Plants (2nd ed.)" by Willis & McElwain (2014)

  • Applied to a group of taxa that share a common single ancestor.


広島大学 / デジタル自然史博物館 / 植物 / アルファベット順 / M | 仮名順 にもどる