Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by Sadava et al. (2011)
- (1) In genetics, to combine the genetic material of two distinct species or of two distinguishable populations within a species. (2) In Molecular biology, to form a double-stranded nucleic acid in which the two strands originate from different sources.
- Sadava, D., Hillis, D. M., Heller, H. C. & Berenbaum, M. R. 2011. Life: The Science of Biology, 9th ed. -xliv + 1266 pp. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.