Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by Alberts et al. (2008)
- Nucleotide that is generated from ATP by adenylyl cyclase in response to various extracellular signals. It acts as small intracellular signaling molecule, mainly by activating cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). It is hydrolyzed to AMP by a phosphodiesterase.
- Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J. Raff, M., Roberts, K. & Walter P. 2008. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th ed. -xxxiii + 1268 pp. Garland Science, New York.