climax stage (or ecological succession)
Glossary of "Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet (2nd ed.)" by Botkin & Keller (1998)
- The final stage of ecological succession and therefore an ecological community that continues to reproduce itself over time, or a stage in ecological succession during which an ecological community achieves the greatest biomass or diversity. (The first definition is the classical definition.)
- Botkin, D. B. & Keller, E. A. 1998. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, 2nd ed. -xxxxii + 649 pp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.