「Cladogram」の版間の差分

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=== Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by [[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)]] ===
 
=== Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by [[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)]] ===
 
*A branching diagram depicting relationships among [[taxa]]; i.e., an estimated history of the relative sequence in which they have evolved from common ancestors.
 
*A branching diagram depicting relationships among [[taxa]]; i.e., an estimated history of the relative sequence in which they have evolved from common ancestors.
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===Glossary of "Molecular Systematics (2nd ed.)" by [[Hillis_Moritz_Mable_1996|Hillis et al. (1996)]]===
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*A tree that depicts inferred historical branching relationships among entities.  Unless otherwise stated, the depicted branch lengths in a [[cladogram]] are arbitrary; only the branching order is significant.  See [[phylogram]].
  
 
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==
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*[[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M.  2017.  Evolution, 4th ed.  -xviii + 602 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
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*[[Hillis_Moritz_Mable_1996|Hillis, D. M., Moritz, C. & Mable, B. K.  1996.  Molecular Systematics, 2nd ed.  -xvi + 655 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
* [[Simpson_2006|Simpson, M. G.  2006.  Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp.  Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.]]
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*[[Simpson_2006|Simpson, M. G.  2006.  Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp.  Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.]]
*[[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M.  2017.  Evolution, 4th ed.  -xviii + 602 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
 
  
 
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[[Category:植物]]
 
[[Category:植物]]

2020年9月14日 (月) 11:00時点における最新版

cladogram(s)

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Definition

Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)

  • A branching diagram specifying hierarchical relationships among taxa based upon homologies (synapomorphies). A cladogram includes no connotation of ancestry and has no implied time axis. Cf. phylogenetic tree.

Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by Simpson (2006)

  • A branching diagram that conceptually represents the best estimate of phylogeny. Syn: phylogenetic tree.

Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)

  • A branching diagram depicting relationships among taxa; i.e., an estimated history of the relative sequence in which they have evolved from common ancestors.

Glossary of "Molecular Systematics (2nd ed.)" by Hillis et al. (1996)

  • A tree that depicts inferred historical branching relationships among entities. Unless otherwise stated, the depicted branch lengths in a cladogram are arbitrary; only the branching order is significant. See phylogram.

文献(引用)


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