Glossary of "A Botanist's Vocabulary" by Pell & Angell (2016)
- 1. a woody plant, most commonly a tree, that is substantially reduced in size, usually accomplished through intentional manipulation under cultivation, but may also occur naturally under challenging growing conditions; 2. the Japanese art of growing dwarf woody plants.
- Pell, S. K. & Angell, B. 2016. A Botanist's Vocabulary: 1300 Terms Explained and Illustrated. 226 pp. Timber Press, Portland.