2015年1月16日 (金) 20:25時点におけるChubo (トーク | 投稿記録)による版 (→‎文献(引用))


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Glossary of Evolution (2nd ed.) by Futuyma (2009)

  • A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment. Also, an adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.

Glossary of Ecology (6th ed.) by Krebs (2009)

  • any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by which the organism becomes better able to survive and multiply in its environment.


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