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268 バイト追加 、 2015年2月7日 (土) 20:05
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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
=== Glossary of Ecology (6th ed.) by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
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=== Glossary of "Ecology (6th ed.)" by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
 
* in a broad sense, the living together of two or more organisms of different species; in a narrow sense, synonymous with ''[[mutualism]]''.
 
* in a broad sense, the living together of two or more organisms of different species; in a narrow sense, synonymous with ''[[mutualism]]''.
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=== Glossary of "Lichens" by [[Purvis_2000|Purvis (2000)]] ===
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* The living together of unlike organisms; it may be for mutual benefit or not.
    
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==
 
* [[Krebs_2009|Krebs, C. J.  2009.  Ecology, 6th ed.  -xvi + 655 pp.  Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.]]
 
* [[Krebs_2009|Krebs, C. J.  2009.  Ecology, 6th ed.  -xvi + 655 pp.  Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.]]
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* [[Purvis_2000|Purvis, W.  2000.  Lichens.  112 pp.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.]]
    
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[[Category:生物]]
 
[[Category:生物]]
 
[[Category:生態]]
 
[[Category:生態]]
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[[Category:地衣類]]
 
[[Category:用語]]
 
[[Category:用語]]
 
[[Category:S]]
 
[[Category:S]]