Glossary of "The Third Chimpanzee" by Diamond (2014)
- a member of an early population of humans first identified in skeletons from the Neander Valley in Germany; Neanderthals were a different species than modern humans
- Diamond, J. (Adapted by Stefoff, R.) 2014. The Third Chimpanzee, For Young People, on the Evolution and Future of the Human Animal. xiii + 370 pp. Seven Stories Press, New York.