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Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)
- A character that has more than two observed states. Multistate characters are generally coded 0 / 1 / 2...n and can be directed or undirected, polarized or unpolarized, and ordered or unordered. See also binary character.
Glossary of Plant Systematics (1st ed.) by Simpson (2006)
- A character with three or more character states.
- Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M. 1998. Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis. -xii + 228 pp. Oxford University Press, New York.
- Simpson, M. G. 2006. Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp. Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.