Integrated pest management
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integrated pest management (IPM)
Glossary of Ecology (6th ed.) by Krebs (2009)
- the use of all techniques of control in an optimal mix to minimize pesticide use and maximize natural controls of pest numbers.
Glossary of "Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet (2nd ed.)" by Botkin & Keller (1998)
- A term applied to a variety of practices whose overall goal is to contain biological pests through minimum use of artificial chemicals and minimum disruption of natural ecological processes. Biological control typically augments or replaces artificial pesticides.
- Botkin, D. B. & Keller, E. A. 1998. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, 2nd ed. -xxxxii + 649 pp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
- Krebs, C. J. 2009. Ecology, 6th ed. -xvi + 655 pp. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.