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Glossary of Ecology (6th ed.) by Krebs (2009)
- the process in which the emission of infrared (long-wave) radiation by the atmosphere warms a planet's surface.
Glossary of "Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet (2nd ed.)" by Botkin & Keller (1998)
- Process of trapping heat in the atmosphere. Water vapor and several other gases warm the Earth's atmosphere because they absorb and remit radiation, that is, they trap some of the heat radiating from the Earth's atmospheric system.
- Botkin, D. B. & Keller, E. A. 1998. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, 2nd ed. -xxxxii + 649 pp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
- Krebs, C. J. 2009. Ecology, 6th ed. -xvi + 655 pp. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.