Evolution

提供: 広島大学デジタル自然史博物館 植物
移動: 案内検索

目次

evolution

  • 進化(日本語)
  • (Español)

Definition

Glossary of Plant Systematics (1st ed.) by Simpson (2006)

  • Descent with modification; the transfer of genetic material from parent(s) to offspring over time, with a corresponding change in that genetic material.

Glossary of "Evolution (3rd ed.)" by Futuyma (2013)

  • In a broad sense, the origin of entities possessing different states of one or more characteristics and changes in the proportions of those entities over time. Organic evolution, or biological evolution, is a change over time in the proportions of individual organisms differing genetically in one or more traits. Such changes transpire by the origin and subsequent alteration of the frequencies of genotypes from generation to generation within populations, by alteration of the proportions of genetically differentiated populations within a species, or by changes in the numbers of species with different characteristics, thereby altering the frequency of one or more traits within a higher taxon.

Glossary of "The Third Chimpanzee" by Diamond (2014)

  • the changing pattern of life forms over time as new species arise because of mutations, and old species become extinct

Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)

  • In a broad sense, the origin of entities possessing different states of one or more characteristics and changes in the proportions of those entities over time. Organic evolution, or biological evolution, is a change over time in the proportions of individual organisms differing genetically in one or more traits. Such changes transpire by the origin and subsequent alteration of the frequencies of genotypes from generation to generation within populations, by alteration of the proportions of genetically differentiated populations within a species, or by changes in the numbers of species with different characteristics, thereby altering the frequency of one or more traits within a higher taxon.

Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by Sadava et al. (2011)

  • Any gradual change. Most often refers to organic or Darwinian evolution, which is the genetic and resulting phenotypic change in populations of organisms from generation to generation. (See macroevolution, microevolution; contrast with speciation.)


文献(引用)


広島大学 / デジタル自然史博物館 / 植物 / アルファベット順 / E | 仮名順 にもどる