Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by Alberts et al. (2008)
- Population of identical individuals (cell or organisms) formed by repeated (asexual) division from a common ancestor. Also used as a verb: “to clone a gene” means to create multiple copies of a gene by growing a clone of carrier cells (such as E. coli) into which the gene has been introduced, and from which it can be recovered, by recombinant DNA techniques.
Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)
- Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J. Raff, M., Roberts, K. & Walter P. 2008. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th ed. -xxxiii + 1268 pp. Garland Science, New York.
- Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M. 2017. Evolution, 4th ed. -xviii + 602 pp. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.