Glossary of "Ecology (6th ed.)" by Krebs (2009)
- the final equilibrium community toward which succession moves.
Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- A mature community formed toward the end of a process of ecological succession. Climax communities show very slow changes in species composition.
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.
- Krebs, C. J. 2009. Ecology, 6th ed. -xvi + 655 pp. Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.