Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- Organic molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the ratio of 1:2:1; sugars, starch, and cellulose are examples of carbohydrates.
Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by Alberts et al. (2008)
- General term for sugars and related compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with the empirical formula (CH2O)n.
- Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J. Raff, M., Roberts, K. & Walter P. 2008. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th ed. -xxxiii + 1268 pp. Garland Science, New York.
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.