Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- A simple, dry dehiscent fruit consisting of two or more carpels that may split open in a variety of ways. Capsules may split open along the carpels, form a cap that pops off, or form rows of pores to shed seeds like a salt shaker.
Glossary of Plant Systematics (1st ed.) by Simpson (2006)
- (a) The spore-producing component of the sporophytes of liverworts, hornworts, and mosses. (plant part). (b) A dry, dehiscent fruit derived from a compound ovary. (fruit type)
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.
- Simpson, M. G. 2006. Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp. Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.