差分

提供: 広島大学デジタル博物館
ナビゲーションに移動検索に移動
132 バイト追加 、 2019年10月15日 (火) 14:17
4行目: 4行目:     
== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
=== Glossary of "Evolution (2nd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma (2009)]] ===
+
===Glossary of "Biology (3rd ed.)" by [[Hardin_Bajema_1978|Hardin & Bajema (1978)]]===
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
+
*the fitness of an organism for its environment; it is usually measured by longevity (physiological adaptation) or by reproductive success (evolutionary adaptation); also, the process leading to the adapted condition.
 
+
=== Glossary of "Evolutionary Biology (3rd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_1998|Futuyma (1998)]] ===
=== Glossary of "Ecology (6th ed.)" by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
+
*A process of genetic change of a population, owing to natural selection, whereby the average stage of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, an adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage owing to its provision of an improvement in some function. A complex concept; see Chapter 12.
* any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by which the organism becomes better able to survive and multiply in its environment.
  −
 
   
=== Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by [[Simpson_2006|Simpson (2006)]] ===
 
=== Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by [[Simpson_2006|Simpson (2006)]] ===
* A structure or feature that performs a particular function and which results in increased survival or reproduction.
+
*A structure or feature that performs a particular function and which results in increased survival or reproduction.
 
   
=== Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by [[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts et al. (2008)]] ===
 
=== Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by [[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts et al. (2008)]] ===
 
*(1) adaptation (desensitization): Adjustment of sensitivity following repeated stimulation. The mechanism that allows a cell to react to small changes in stimuli even against a high background level of stimulation. (2) evolutionary adaptation: an evolved trait.
 
*(1) adaptation (desensitization): Adjustment of sensitivity following repeated stimulation. The mechanism that allows a cell to react to small changes in stimuli even against a high background level of stimulation. (2) evolutionary adaptation: an evolved trait.
 
+
=== Glossary of "Ecology (6th ed.)" by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
 +
*any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by which the organism becomes better able to survive and multiply in its environment.
 +
=== Glossary of "Evolution (2nd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma (2009)]] ===
 +
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
 
===Glossary of "Evolution (3rd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_2013|Futuyma (2013)]]===
 
===Glossary of "Evolution (3rd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_2013|Futuyma (2013)]]===
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.  A complex concept.
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.  A complex concept.
  −
===Glossary of "Biology (3rd ed.)" by [[Hardin_Bajema_1978|Hardin & Bajema (1978)]]===
  −
*the fitness of an organism for its environment; it is usually measured by longevity (physiological adaptation) or by reproductive success (evolutionary adaptation); also, the process leading to the adapted condition.
  −
   
=== Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by [[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)]] ===
 
=== Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by [[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)]] ===
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
=== Glossary of "Evolutionary Biology (3rd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_1998|Futuyma (1998)]] ===
  −
*A process of genetic change of a population, owing to natural selection, whereby the average stage of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, an adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population bewcause of a selective advantage owing to its provision of an improvement in some function.  A complex concept; see Chapter 12.
      
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==
* [[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J. Raff, M., Roberts, K. & Walter P.  2008.  Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th ed. -xxxiv + 1616 pp.  Garland Science, New York.]]
+
*[[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J. Raff, M., Roberts, K. & Walter P.  2008.  Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th ed. -xxxiv + 1616 pp.  Garland Science, New York.]]
* [[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma, D. J.  2009.  Evolution, 2nd ed.  -xviii + 633 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
+
*[[Futuyma_1998|Futuyma, D. J.  1998.  Evolutionary Biology, 3rd ed.  -xviii + 763 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
* [[Futuyma_2013|Futuyma, D. J.  2013.  Evolution, 3rd ed.  -xviii + 656 + 14 + 37 + 2 + 36 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
+
*[[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma, D. J.  2009.  Evolution, 2nd ed.  -xviii + 633 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
* [[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M.  2017.  Evolution, 4th ed.  -xviii + 602 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
+
*[[Futuyma_2013|Futuyma, D. J.  2013.  Evolution, 3rd ed.  -xviii + 656 + 14 + 37 + 2 + 36 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
* [[Hardin_Bajema_1978|Hardin, G. & Bajema, C.  1978.  Biology, its Principles and Implications, third edition.  -x + 790 pp.  W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.]]
+
*[[Futuyma_Kirkpatrick_2017|Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M.  2017.  Evolution, 4th ed.  -xviii + 602 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
* [[Krebs_2009|Krebs, C. J.  2009.  Ecology, 6th ed.  -xvi + 655 pp.  Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.]]
+
*[[Hardin_Bajema_1978|Hardin, G. & Bajema, C.  1978.  Biology, its Principles and Implications, third edition.  -x + 790 pp.  W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.]]
* [[Simpson_2006|Simpson, M. G.  2006.  Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp.  Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.]]
+
*[[Krebs_2009|Krebs, C. J.  2009.  Ecology, 6th ed.  -xvi + 655 pp.  Pearson Benjamin Cummings, San Francisco.]]
 +
*[[Simpson_2006|Simpson, M. G.  2006.  Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp.  Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.]]
    
----
 
----
45行目: 40行目:  
[[Category:分類]]
 
[[Category:分類]]
 
[[Category:生態]]
 
[[Category:生態]]
 +
[[Category:進化]]
 
[[Category:用語]]
 
[[Category:用語]]
 
[[Category:A]]
 
[[Category:A]]

案内メニュー