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提供: 広島大学デジタル博物館
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8 バイト追加 、 2019年10月15日 (火) 13:02
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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
=== Glossary of Evolution (2nd ed.) by [[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma (2009)]] ===
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=== Glossary of "Evolution (2nd ed.)" by [[Futuyma_2009|Futuyma (2009)]] ===
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
 
*A process of genetic change in a population whereby, as a result of natural selection, the average state of a character becomes improved with reference to a specific function, or whereby a population is thought to have become better suited to some feature of its environment.  Also, ''an'' adaptation: a feature that has become prevalent in a population because of a selective advantage conveyed by that feature in the improvement in some function.
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=== Glossary of Ecology (6th ed.) by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
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=== Glossary of "Ecology (6th ed.)" by [[Krebs_2009|Krebs (2009)]] ===
 
* any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by which the organism becomes better able to survive and multiply in its environment.
 
* any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by which the organism becomes better able to survive and multiply in its environment.
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=== Glossary of Plant Systematics (1st ed.) by [[Simpson_2006|Simpson (2006)]] ===
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=== Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by [[Simpson_2006|Simpson (2006)]] ===
 
* A structure or feature that performs a particular function and which results in increased survival or reproduction.
 
* A structure or feature that performs a particular function and which results in increased survival or reproduction.
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=== Glossary of The Cell (5th ed.) by [[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts et al. (2008)]] ===
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=== Glossary of "The Cell (5th ed.)" by [[Alberts_Johnson_Lewis_Raff_Roberts_Walter_2008|Alberts et al. (2008)]] ===
 
*(1) adaptation (desensitization): Adjustment of sensitivity following repeated stimulation. The mechanism that allows a cell to react to small changes in stimuli even against a high background level of stimulation. (2) evolutionary adaptation: an evolved trait.
 
*(1) adaptation (desensitization): Adjustment of sensitivity following repeated stimulation. The mechanism that allows a cell to react to small changes in stimuli even against a high background level of stimulation. (2) evolutionary adaptation: an evolved trait.
  

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