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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
 
===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
 
===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
*(1) A group is diagnosed as monophyletic by the discover of [[homologies]] ([[synapomorphies]]).  Also known as a [[clade]].
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*(1) A group is diagnosed as monophyletic by the discover of [[homologies]] ([[synapomorphies]]).  Also known as a [[clade]]. (2) A group that includes a most recent common ancestor plus all and only all of its descendants.  See also [[component]], [[paraphyly]], [[polyphyly]].
*(2) A group that includes a most recent common ancestor plus all and only all of its descendants.  See also [[component]], [[paraphyly]], [[polyphyly]].
      
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==

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