坪田・宮本・諸石・内田・中原-坪田・佐々木 2017

提供: 広島大学デジタル自然史博物館 植物
移動: 案内検索

坪田ほか(2017)

  • 坪田博美・宮本有希・諸石智大・内田慎治・中原-坪田美保・佐々木一寧. 2017. 世界遺産宮島の森林を教材にした小中大学連携-宮島ロープウエー駅舎付近の植生回復を例に-. 厳島研究 13: (1)-(6).

Abstract

Tsubota, H., Miyamoto, Y., Moroishi, T., Uchida, S., Nakahara-Tsubota, M. & Sasaki, K. 2017. A case study on environmental education in Itsukushima (Miyajima) Island with an elementary and junior high schools/university collaboration. Studies of the Itsukushima Island 13: (1)-(6).

Itsukushima (Miyajima) Island is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Japan. The site consists of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine and a natural forest in Mt. Misen. In 1962, a pack of Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) from Shodoshima Island of Kagawa Prefecture, Shikoku, was introduced for a tourism resource near Shishiiwa Terminal by Miyajima Ropeway Company. After the introduction, the forest area was decayed because of use by the macaque as well as gathering by Japanese sika deer approaching to feeds for the macaque. Recently, the macaque was move to Okazaki Monkey Center in Aichi Prefecture to protect the forest area. In 2016, the heritage site was in the twentieth anniversary of the opening and over 4 million tourists was visited every year; on the other hand, depopulation and aging are progressing in the island. In 2014, a plan was started to restore the original vegetation of the forest near the terminal and to prevent debris flows. The plan was also used as a teaching material combining with environmental education for Miyajima Elementary and Junior High Schools (Miyajima Combined School), one of the UNESCO Associated Schools, collaborating Miyajima Natural Botanical Garden of Hiroshima University. Seedlings from seeds of many species collected from the natural forest were used cultivated through the educational program. The program would be continued at least 10 years to foster love of nature as well as hometown of young generation to weaken the depopulation.

Pdfs