「Homology」の版間の差分

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== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
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===Glossary of "Plant Systematics (3rd ed.)" by [[Judd_Campbell_Kellogg_Stevens_Donoghue_2008|Judd et al. (2008)]]===
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*Similarity due to inheritance of a feature from a common ancestor.
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===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
 
===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
*(1) Two characters that pass the [[similarity]], [[conjunction]] and [[congruence]] tests are termed homologous.  Also known as [[synapomorphy]].
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*(1) Two characters that pass the [[similarity]], [[conjunction]] and [[congruence]] tests are termed homologous.  Also known as [[synapomorphy]]. (2) Character states that share modifications from another condition, e.g. wings of birds in relation to forelimbs of other tetrapods.  See also [[convergence]], [[parallelism]], [[primary_homology|primary homology]], [[secondary_homology|secondary homology]]
*(2) Character states that share modifications from another condition, e.g. wings of birds in relation to forelimbs of other tetrapods.  See also [[convergence]], [[parallelism]], [[primary_homology|primary homology]], [[secondary_homology|secondary homology]]
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===Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by [[Sadava_Hillis_Heller_Berenbaum_2011|Sadava et al. (2011)]]===
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*A similarity between two or more features that is due to inheritance from a common ancestor. The structures are said to be homologous, and each is a ''[[homolog]]'' of the others. (Contrast with [[analogy]].)
  
===Glossary of "Plant Systematics (3rd ed.)" by [[Judd_Campbell_Kellogg_Stevens_Donoghue_2008|Judd et al. (2008)]]===
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=== Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by [[Simpson_2006|Simpson (2006)]] ===
*Similarity due to inheritance of a feature from a common ancestor.
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* Similarity that is the result of common ancestry Adj: ''homologous''.
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=== Glossary of "Ancestors in Our Genome" by [[Harris_2015|Harris (2015)]] ===
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*features in organisms that were inherited from their shared common ancestor.  Also genes in different species, present at the same locus or position on a chromosome, which were inherited from a common ancestor.
  
 
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==
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*[[Harris_2015|Harris, E. E.  2015.  Ancestors in Our Genome: the New Science of Human Evolution.  - xx + 226 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
 
*[[Judd_Campbell_Kellogg_Stevens_Donoghue_2008|Judd, W. S., Campbell, C. S., Kellogg, E. A., Stevens, P. F., Donoghue, M. J.  2008.  Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 3rd ed.  -xv + 611 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
 
*[[Judd_Campbell_Kellogg_Stevens_Donoghue_2008|Judd, W. S., Campbell, C. S., Kellogg, E. A., Stevens, P. F., Donoghue, M. J.  2008.  Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 3rd ed.  -xv + 611 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
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*[[Sadava_Hillis_Heller_Berenbaum_2011|Sadava, D., Hillis, D. M., Heller, H. C. & Berenbaum, M. R.  2011.  Life: The Science of Biology, 9th ed.  -xliv + 1266 pp.  Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.]]
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*[[Simpson_2006|Simpson, M. G.  2006.  Plant Systematics. -xi + 590 pp.  Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford.]]
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2018年4月24日 (火) 23:17時点における最新版

homology (homologue)

  • ホモロジー,相同性,相同,類似性(日本語)
  • (Español)

Definition

Glossary of "Plant Systematics (3rd ed.)" by Judd et al. (2008)

  • Similarity due to inheritance of a feature from a common ancestor.

Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)

Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by Sadava et al. (2011)

  • A similarity between two or more features that is due to inheritance from a common ancestor. The structures are said to be homologous, and each is a homolog of the others. (Contrast with analogy.)

Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by Simpson (2006)

  • Similarity that is the result of common ancestry Adj: homologous.

Glossary of "Ancestors in Our Genome" by Harris (2015)

  • features in organisms that were inherited from their shared common ancestor. Also genes in different species, present at the same locus or position on a chromosome, which were inherited from a common ancestor.

文献(引用)


広島大学 / デジタル自然史博物館 / 植物 / アルファベット順 / H | 仮名順 にもどる