「テンプレート:生物の用語集(アルファベット順) C」の版間の差分

提供: 広島大学デジタル自然史博物館 植物
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(Ce)
 
(3人の利用者による、間の126版が非表示)
1行: 1行:
 +
=== C_ ===
 +
;[[curie|C. (curie)]]:キュリー -> [[curie|curie (C.)]]
 
;[[C_horizon|C horizon]]:-> [[parent_rock|parent rock]]:母岩
 
;[[C_horizon|C horizon]]:-> [[parent_rock|parent rock]]:母岩
 +
;[[C-value_paradox|C-value paradox]]:
 
;[[C3_pathway|C3 pathway (C<sub>3</sub> pathway)]]:C3経路
 
;[[C3_pathway|C3 pathway (C<sub>3</sub> pathway)]]:C3経路
 
;[[C3_plant|C3 plant(s) [C<sub>3</sub> plant(s)]]]:C3植物
 
;[[C3_plant|C3 plant(s) [C<sub>3</sub> plant(s)]]]:C3植物
5行: 8行:
 
;[[C4_photosynthesis|C4 photosynthesis (C<sub>4</sub> photosynthesis)]]
 
;[[C4_photosynthesis|C4 photosynthesis (C<sub>4</sub> photosynthesis)]]
 
;[[C4_plant|C4 plant(s) [C<sub>4</sub> plant(s)]]]:C4植物
 
;[[C4_plant|C4 plant(s) [C<sub>4</sub> plant(s)]]]:C4植物
 
 
=== Ca ===
 
=== Ca ===
 
;[[Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent_protein_kinase | Ca<sup>2+</sup>/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase]]:->[[CaM-kinase]]
 
;[[Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent_protein_kinase | Ca<sup>2+</sup>/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase]]:->[[CaM-kinase]]
 
;cactus:サボテン,サボテン類
 
;cactus:サボテン,サボテン類
 +
==== Cad ====
 
;[[cadherin]]:カドヘリン
 
;[[cadherin]]:カドヘリン
 
;[[caducous]]:
 
;[[caducous]]:
 +
==== Cae ====
 
;[[Caenorhabditis_elegans | ''Caenorhabditis elegans'']]:
 
;[[Caenorhabditis_elegans | ''Caenorhabditis elegans'']]:
;[[caged_molecule | caged molecule]]:
+
==== Cag ====
 +
;[[caged_molecule|caged molecule]]:
 +
==== Cak ====
 
;[[CAK]]:->[[Cdk-activating_kinase | Cdk-activating kinase]]
 
;[[CAK]]:->[[Cdk-activating_kinase | Cdk-activating kinase]]
 +
==== Cal ====
 
;[[calcitonin]]:
 
;[[calcitonin]]:
;[[calcium_pump | calcium pump]]:->[[Ca2+_pump | Ca<sup>2+</sup> pump]]
+
;[[calcium_pump|calcium pump]]:->[[Ca2+_pump | Ca<sup>2+</sup> pump]]
 
;[[calcrete|calcrete (caliche)]]:
 
;[[calcrete|calcrete (caliche)]]:
 
;caliche:-> [[calcrete|calcrete]]
 
;caliche:-> [[calcrete|calcrete]]
28行: 35行:
 
;[[calyx]]:
 
;[[calyx]]:
 
;[[calyx lobes]]:
 
;[[calyx lobes]]:
 +
==== Cam ====
 
;[[CAM|CAM]]:
 
;[[CAM|CAM]]:
;[[cambrian_explosion|cambrian explosion]]:
+
;[[Cambrian_explosion|Cambrian explosion]]:
 
;[[Camin-Sokal_optimization|Camin-Sokal optimization]]:
 
;[[Camin-Sokal_optimization|Camin-Sokal optimization]]:
 
;[[CaM-kinase]]:
 
;[[CaM-kinase]]:
;[[CaM-kinase_II | CaM-kinase II]]:
+
;[[CaM-kinase_II|CaM-kinase II]]:
;[[cAMP]]:->[[cyclic_AMP | cyclic AMP]]
+
;[[cAMP]]:->[[cyclic_AMP|cyclic AMP]]
 
;[[campanulate]]:
 
;[[campanulate]]:
;[[cAMP-dependent_protein_kinase | cAMP-dependent protein kinase]]:->[[protein_kinase_A | protein kinase A]]  
+
;[[cAMP-dependent_protein_kinase|cAMP-dependent protein kinase]]:->[[protein_kinase_A | protein kinase A]]  
 
;camouflage:(n) カムフラージュ,擬装,変装;(v) カムフラージュする
 
;camouflage:(n) カムフラージュ,擬装,変装;(v) カムフラージュする
 
;[[CAM_plants|CAM plants]]:
 
;[[CAM_plants|CAM plants]]:
41行: 49行:
 
;[[campylodromous]]:
 
;[[campylodromous]]:
 
;[[campylotropous]]:
 
;[[campylotropous]]:
 +
==== Can ====
 
;[[canaliculate]]:
 
;[[canaliculate]]:
 +
;[[canalization]]:
 
;[[cancellous_bone|cancellous bone]]:
 
;[[cancellous_bone|cancellous bone]]:
 +
;[[candidate_gene|candidate gene]]:
 
;[[canescent]]:
 
;[[canescent]]:
 
;[[cannibalism]]:
 
;[[cannibalism]]:
 
;[[cancer]]:
 
;[[cancer]]:
 
;[[canopy]]:
 
;[[canopy]]:
 +
==== Cap ====
 
;[[capillaries]] :毛細血管
 
;[[capillaries]] :毛細血管
 +
;[[capillary_action|capillary action]]:
 
;capillary bed:毛細血管床
 
;capillary bed:毛細血管床
 
;[[capillary bristle]]:
 
;[[capillary bristle]]:
 
;[[capitate]]:
 
;[[capitate]]:
 +
;[[capitulum]]:
 
;[[capsid]]:
 
;[[capsid]]:
 
;[[capsule]]:
 
;[[capsule]]:
 
;[[Ca2+_pump | Ca<sup>2+</sup> pump (calcium pump, Ca<sup>2+</sup> ATPase)]]:
 
;[[Ca2+_pump | Ca<sup>2+</sup> pump (calcium pump, Ca<sup>2+</sup> ATPase)]]:
 +
==== Car ====
 
;[[carbohydrate|carbohydrate(s)]]:炭水化物
 
;[[carbohydrate|carbohydrate(s)]]:炭水化物
 
;carbon:炭素
 
;carbon:炭素
 +
;[[carbon_cycle|carbon cycle]]:炭素循環
 
;[[carbon_dioxide|carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>)]]:二酸化炭素
 
;[[carbon_dioxide|carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>)]]:二酸化炭素
 
;carbon dioxide assimilation:炭酸同化
 
;carbon dioxide assimilation:炭酸同化
 
;carbon dioxide fixation:炭酸固定
 
;carbon dioxide fixation:炭酸固定
 
;[[carbon_fixation_reaction | carbon fixation reaction]]:
 
;[[carbon_fixation_reaction | carbon fixation reaction]]:
 +
;[[carbon_monoxide|carbon monoxide (CO)]]:一酸化炭素
 
;[[carbon_sink|carbon sink]]:
 
;[[carbon_sink|carbon sink]]:
 
;[[carbon_skeleton|carbon skeleton]]:
 
;[[carbon_skeleton|carbon skeleton]]:
 
;[[carbonaceous]]:
 
;[[carbonaceous]]:
 
;[[carbonate]]:
 
;[[carbonate]]:
 +
;[[carbonate-silicate_cycle|carbonate-silicate cycle]]:
 
;[[carbonyl_group | carbonyl group]]:
 
;[[carbonyl_group | carbonyl group]]:
 
;[[carboxylase]]:
 
;[[carboxylase]]:
 
;[[carboxylation]]:カルボキシル化
 
;[[carboxylation]]:カルボキシル化
;[[carboxyl_group | carboxyl group]]:
+
;[[carboxyl_group|carboxyl group]]:カルボキシル基
 
;[[carboxyl_terminus | carboxyl terminus]]:->[[C_terminus | C terminus]]
 
;[[carboxyl_terminus | carboxyl terminus]]:->[[C_terminus | C terminus]]
;[[carcinogen]]:
+
;[[carcinogen]]:発癌物質,発癌性物質
 
;[[carcinoma]]:
 
;[[carcinoma]]:
;[[cardiac_cycle]]:
+
;[[cardiac_cycle|cardiac cycle]]:心周期,心臓周期
 
;[[cardiac_muscle|cardiac muscle]]:心筋
 
;[[cardiac_muscle|cardiac muscle]]:心筋
 
;[[cardiovascular_system|cardiovascular system]]:
 
;[[cardiovascular_system|cardiovascular system]]:
 
;[[carinate]]:
 
;[[carinate]]:
;[[carnivore|carnivore(s)]]:
+
;[[carnivore|carnivore(s)]]:肉食動物,肉食獣,食虫植物
 
;[[carnose]]:
 
;[[carnose]]:
 
;[[carotenoid]]:
 
;[[carotenoid]]:
 
;[[carotid_body|carotid body]]:
 
;[[carotid_body|carotid body]]:
;[[carpel]]:
+
;[[carpel]]:心皮
;[[carpellate]]:
+
;[[carpellate]]:心皮で成るまたはそれを生成する
 
;[[carpophore]]:
 
;[[carpophore]]:
 
;[[carrageenan]]:カラギーナン,カラジーナン,カラゲナン,カラギナン,カラゲニン(carrageenin)  
 
;[[carrageenan]]:カラギーナン,カラジーナン,カラゲナン,カラギナン,カラゲニン(carrageenin)  
86行: 104行:
 
;[[carrier]]:
 
;[[carrier]]:
 
;[[carrier_protein | carrier protein]]:->[[transporter]]
 
;[[carrier_protein | carrier protein]]:->[[transporter]]
;[[carrying_capacity|carrying_capacity (K)]]:
+
;[[carrying_capacity|carrying capacity (K)]]:
 
;[[cartilage]]:
 
;[[cartilage]]:
 
;[[cartilage_bone|cartilage bone]]:
 
;[[cartilage_bone|cartilage bone]]:
92行: 110行:
 
;[[caruncle]]:
 
;[[caruncle]]:
 
;[[caryopses]]:
 
;[[caryopses]]:
 +
;[[caryopsis]]:
 
;[[caryophyllid type]]:
 
;[[caryophyllid type]]:
 +
==== Cas ====
 
;[[cascade]]:->[[signaling_cascade | signaling cascade]]
 
;[[cascade]]:->[[signaling_cascade | signaling cascade]]
 +
;[[cash_crops|cash crops]]:換金作物
 
;[[casparian_strip|Casparian strip]]:カスパリー線
 
;[[casparian_strip|Casparian strip]]:カスパリー線
 
;[[caspase]]:
 
;[[caspase]]:
 +
==== Cat ====
 
;[[catabolic_reaction|catabolic reaction]]:
 
;[[catabolic_reaction|catabolic reaction]]:
 
;[[catabolism]]:異化
 
;[[catabolism]]:異化
102行: 124行:
 
;catalyze:触媒作用を及ぼす
 
;catalyze:触媒作用を及ぼす
 
;[[cataphyll]]:
 
;[[cataphyll]]:
;[[catastrophe_factor | catastrophe factor]]:
+
;[[catastrophe_factor|catastrophe factor]]:
 
;[[catastrophic_agents|catastrophic agents]]:
 
;[[catastrophic_agents|catastrophic agents]]:
;[[β-catenin]]:->[[beta-catenin | beta catenin]]:
+
;[[category]]:
 +
;[[β-catenin]]:->[[beta-catenin|beta catenin]]:
 
;[[cation]]:
 
;[[cation]]:
 
;[[catkin]]:
 
;[[catkin]]:
 +
==== Cau ====
 
;[[caudal]]:
 
;[[caudal]]:
 
;[[caudate]]:
 
;[[caudate]]:
114行: 138行:
 
;[[cauliflorus]]:
 
;[[cauliflorus]]:
 
;[[cauline]]:
 
;[[cauline]]:
 +
==== Cav ====
 
;[[caveola | caveola (pl. caveolae)]]:
 
;[[caveola | caveola (pl. caveolae)]]:
 
;cavity:腔(こう,くう)
 
;cavity:腔(こう,くう)
124行: 149行:
 
;[[Cdc20]]:
 
;[[Cdc20]]:
 
;[[Cdc25]]:
 
;[[Cdc25]]:
;[[Cdc_gene | ''Cdc'' gene (cell-division-cycle gene)]]:
+
;[[Cdc_gene|''Cdc'' gene (cell-division-cycle gene)]]:
 
;[[Cdk]]:->[[cyclin-dependent_kinase | cyclin-dependent kinase]]
 
;[[Cdk]]:->[[cyclin-dependent_kinase | cyclin-dependent kinase]]
;[[Cdk-activating_kinase | Cdk-activating kinase]]:
+
;[[Cdk-activating_kinase|Cdk-activating kinase]]:
;[[Cdk_inhibitor_protein | Cdk inhibitor protein]]:
+
;[[Cdk_inhibitor_protein|Cdk inhibitor protein]]:
;[[cDNA]]:
+
;[[cDNA|cDNA (complementary DNA)]]:
;[[cDNA_library]]:
+
;[[cDNA_library|cDNA library]]:
 
;[[Cdt1]]:
 
;[[Cdt1]]:
  
147行: 172行:
 
;[[cell-free_system | cell-free system]]:
 
;[[cell-free_system | cell-free system]]:
 
;[[cell_junctions|cell junctions]]:
 
;[[cell_junctions|cell junctions]]:
 +
;[[cell_layers|cell layers]]:胚葉 -> [[germ_layers|germ layers]]
 
;[[cell_line | cell line]]:
 
;[[cell_line | cell line]]:
 
;[[cell_membrane|cell membrane]]:細胞膜
 
;[[cell_membrane|cell membrane]]:細胞膜
165行: 191行:
 
;cellulose microfibril:セルロースミクロフィブリル
 
;cellulose microfibril:セルロースミクロフィブリル
 
;[[cellulose-rich_cell_wall|cellulose-rich cell wall]]:
 
;[[cellulose-rich_cell_wall|cellulose-rich cell wall]]:
;coniferous forest:針葉樹林
 
 
;[[central]]:
 
;[[central]]:
 
;[[central_cell|central cell]]:
 
;[[central_cell|central cell]]:
179行: 204行:
 
;[[centriole]]:中心小体,中心粒
 
;[[centriole]]:中心小体,中心粒
 
;[[centripetal]]:
 
;[[centripetal]]:
;[[centromere]]:
+
;[[centromere]]:セントロメア,動原体
 
;[[centrosome]]:中心体
 
;[[centrosome]]:中心体
 
;[[cephalization]]:
 
;[[cephalization]]:
185行: 210行:
 
;cephalopod:頭足類
 
;cephalopod:頭足類
 
;[[cereal|cereal(s)]]:
 
;[[cereal|cereal(s)]]:
 +
;cerebellum:小脳
 
;cerebral cortex:大脳皮質
 
;cerebral cortex:大脳皮質
 
;cerebral hemisphere:大脳半球
 
;cerebral hemisphere:大脳半球
 
;[[cerebrum]]:大脳
 
;[[cerebrum]]:大脳
 
;[[cernuous]]:
 
;[[cernuous]]:
;[[cervix]]:
+
;[[cervix]]:首(の特に後部),頸部(けいぶ),子宮頸部
 
;[[cespitose/caespitose]]:
 
;[[cespitose/caespitose]]:
  
198行: 224行:
  
 
=== Ch ===
 
=== Ch ===
 +
==== Cha ====
 
;[[chaff]]:
 
;[[chaff]]:
 
;[[chalazal]]:
 
;[[chalazal]]:
204行: 231行:
 
;[[channel-forming junction]]:
 
;[[channel-forming junction]]:
 
;[[channel_protein | channel protein]]:
 
;[[channel_protein | channel protein]]:
;chaparral:低木林
+
;[[chaos_theory|chaos theory]]:
;[[chaperone | chaperone (molecular chaperone)]]:
+
;[[chaparral]]:シャパラル,低木林
 +
;[[chaperone | chaperone (molecular chaperone)]]:シャペロン,分子シャペロン
 
;[[character|character(s)]]:形質,特徴,特性
 
;[[character|character(s)]]:形質,特徴,特性
 
;[[character_analysis|character analysis]]:
 
;[[character_analysis|character analysis]]:
220行: 248行:
 
;[[chartaceous]]:
 
;[[chartaceous]]:
 
;[[chasmogamy]]:
 
;[[chasmogamy]]:
 +
 +
==== Che ====
 +
;[[cheat]]:
 
;[[checkpoint]]:
 
;[[checkpoint]]:
 
;[[cheiropterophily]]:
 
;[[cheiropterophily]]:
229行: 260行:
 
;[[chemical_bonds|chemical bond(s)]]:
 
;[[chemical_bonds|chemical bond(s)]]:
 
;[[chemical_evolution|chemical evolution]]:
 
;[[chemical_evolution|chemical evolution]]:
;[[chemical_reaction|chemical reaction]]:
+
;[[chemical_reaction|chemical reaction]]:化学反応
 
;[[chemical_synapse|chemical synapse]]:
 
;[[chemical_synapse|chemical synapse]]:
 
;[[chemically_gated_channel|chemically gated channel]]:
 
;[[chemically_gated_channel|chemically gated channel]]:
 
;[[chemiosmosis]]:
 
;[[chemiosmosis]]:
 
;[[chemiosmotic_coupling | chemiosmotic coupling]]:
 
;[[chemiosmotic_coupling | chemiosmotic coupling]]:
 +
;[[chemoautotrophs]]:
 
;[[chemoheterotroph]]:
 
;[[chemoheterotroph]]:
 
;[[chemokine]]:
 
;[[chemokine]]:
 
;chemolithotrophic bacteria:無機栄養細菌
 
;chemolithotrophic bacteria:無機栄養細菌
 
;[[chemoreceptor]]:
 
;[[chemoreceptor]]:
 +
;[[chemosynthesis]]:化学合成
 
;[[chemosystematics]]:化学分類,化学系統分類
 
;[[chemosystematics]]:化学分類,化学系統分類
 
;[[chemotaxis]]:
 
;[[chemotaxis]]:
 
;[[chemotaxonomy]]:化学分類,化学分類学
 
;[[chemotaxonomy]]:化学分類,化学分類学
 
;[[chenopodial type]]:
 
;[[chenopodial type]]:
 +
 +
==== Chi ====
 
;[[chiasma | chiasma (pl. chiasmata)]]:
 
;[[chiasma | chiasma (pl. chiasmata)]]:
 
;[[Chihuahuan_Desert|Chihuahuan Desert]]:
 
;[[Chihuahuan_Desert|Chihuahuan Desert]]:
 
;[[chimera]]:
 
;[[chimera]]:
 +
;[[chimeric_gene|chimeric gene]]:
 +
;[[chimney_effect|chimney effect (or stack effect)]]:
 
;[[chinampas_agriculture|chinampas agriculture]]:
 
;[[chinampas_agriculture|chinampas agriculture]]:
 
;[[ChIP]]:->[[chromatin_immunoprecipitation | chromatin immunoprecipitation]]
 
;[[ChIP]]:->[[chromatin_immunoprecipitation | chromatin immunoprecipitation]]
 
;[[chitin]]:キチン
 
;[[chitin]]:キチン
 +
 +
==== Chl ====
 
;[[Chlorobionta]]:
 
;[[Chlorobionta]]:
 +
;[[chlorofluorocarbons|chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)]]:クロロフルオロカーボン,フロン,フロン類
 
;[[chlorophyll|chlorophyll]]:葉緑素,クロロフィル
 
;[[chlorophyll|chlorophyll]]:葉緑素,クロロフィル
 
;[[chlorophyll_a|chlorophyll a]]:クロロフィルa
 
;[[chlorophyll_a|chlorophyll a]]:クロロフィルa
255行: 295行:
 
;[[chlorophyllous cell]]:
 
;[[chlorophyllous cell]]:
 
;[[chloroplast]]:葉緑体
 
;[[chloroplast]]:葉緑体
 +
 +
==== Cho ====
 
;[[choanocyte]]:
 
;[[choanocyte]]:
 
;[[cholecystokinin]]:
 
;[[cholecystokinin]]:
;[[cholesterol]]:
+
;[[cholesterol]]:コレステロール
 
;[[chondrocyte|chondrocyte (cartilage cell)]]:
 
;[[chondrocyte|chondrocyte (cartilage cell)]]:
 
;chordate:脊索動物,脊椎動物
 
;chordate:脊索動物,脊椎動物
 
;[[chorion]]:
 
;[[chorion]]:
 
;[[chorological_progression|chorological progression, criterion of]]:
 
;[[chorological_progression|chorological progression, criterion of]]:
;[[chromatids]]:
+
==== Chr ====
 +
;[[chromatids]]:染色分体
 
;[[chromatin]]:クロマチン
 
;[[chromatin]]:クロマチン
 
;[[chromatin_immunoprecipitation|chromatin immunoprecipitation]]:
 
;[[chromatin_immunoprecipitation|chromatin immunoprecipitation]]:
271行: 314行:
 
;[[chromosomal_mutation|chromosomal mutation]]:
 
;[[chromosomal_mutation|chromosomal mutation]]:
 
;[[chromosome|chromosome(s)]]:染色体
 
;[[chromosome|chromosome(s)]]:染色体
 +
;[[chronic_disease|chronic disease]]:
 +
;[[chronic_hunger|chronic hunger]]:
 +
;[[chronic_patchiness|chronic patchiness]]:
 
;[[chronology]]:年代学,編年,クロノロジー
 
;[[chronology]]:年代学,編年,クロノロジー
 +
;[[chronospecies]]:
 +
 +
==== Chy ====
 
;[[chylomicron]]:
 
;[[chylomicron]]:
 
;[[chyme]]:キーム,糜粥(びじゅく),消化粥
 
;[[chyme]]:キーム,糜粥(びじゅく),消化粥
  
 
=== Ci ===
 
=== Ci ===
;[[CI]]:-> [[consistency_index|consistency index]]
+
;[[CI]]:-> [[consistency_index|consistency index]] / [[chloroform-isoamyl_alcohol|chloroform-isoamyl alcohol]]
 
;[[ci]]:-> [[consistency_index|consistency index]]
 
;[[ci]]:-> [[consistency_index|consistency index]]
;[[cilia]]:-> [[cilium|cilium (pl. cilia)]]
+
;[[cilia]]:-> [[cilium|cilium (pl. cilia)]] 繊毛
 
;[[ciliate]]:繊毛虫
 
;[[ciliate]]:繊毛虫
 +
;ciliated:繊毛性の
 
;[[ciliolate]]:
 
;[[ciliolate]]:
 
;[[cilium|cilium (pl. cilia)]]:
 
;[[cilium|cilium (pl. cilia)]]:
 
;[[cincinnus]]:
 
;[[cincinnus]]:
;[[circadian_clock | circadian clock]]:概日時計
+
;[[circadian_clock|circadian clock]]:概日時計
 
;[[circadian_rhythm|circadian rhythm]]:概日リズム,概日周期,サーカディアンリズム
 
;[[circadian_rhythm|circadian rhythm]]:概日リズム,概日周期,サーカディアンリズム
 
;[[circannual_rhythm|circannual rhythm]]:
 
;[[circannual_rhythm|circannual rhythm]]:
294行: 344行:
 
;[[cirrhose]]:
 
;[[cirrhose]]:
 
;[[cis]]:シス
 
;[[cis]]:シス
 +
;[[cis-regulatory_element|''cis''-regulatory element]]:
 
;[[cisternae]]:
 
;[[cisternae]]:
 
;[[circulatory_system|circulatory system]]:循環器,循環系,循環器系
 
;[[circulatory_system|circulatory system]]:循環器,循環系,循環器系
 
;[[citric_acid_cycle|citric acid cycle (or tricarboxylic acid cycle, Krebs cycle)]]:クエン酸回路,TCAサイクル,TCA回路,クレブス回路(Krebs cycle),トリカルボン酸回路
 
;[[citric_acid_cycle|citric acid cycle (or tricarboxylic acid cycle, Krebs cycle)]]:クエン酸回路,TCAサイクル,TCA回路,クレブス回路(Krebs cycle),トリカルボン酸回路
 +
;[[city_planning|city planning]]:
  
 
=== Ck ===
 
=== Ck ===
302行: 354行:
  
 
=== Cl ===
 
=== Cl ===
 +
==== Cla ====
 
;[[clade|clade(s)]]:クレード.共通祖先をもつまとまり.
 
;[[clade|clade(s)]]:クレード.共通祖先をもつまとまり.
 
;[[clade_stability|clade stability]]:-> [[Bremer_support|Bremer support]]
 
;[[clade_stability|clade stability]]:-> [[Bremer_support|Bremer support]]
312行: 365行:
 
;[[cladode/cladodophyll]]:
 
;[[cladode/cladodophyll]]:
 
;[[cladodromous]]:
 
;[[cladodromous]]:
 +
;[[cladogenesis]]:
 
;[[cladogram|cladogram(s)]]:分岐図
 
;[[cladogram|cladogram(s)]]:分岐図
 
;[[cladogram robustness]]:
 
;[[cladogram robustness]]:
324行: 378行:
 
;[[clavate]]:
 
;[[clavate]]:
 
;[[claw]]:
 
;[[claw]]:
 +
;[[clay]]:粘土,土,泥
 +
 +
==== Cle ====
 +
;[[Clean_Air_Act_Amendments_of_1990|Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990]]:
 +
;[[clear-cutting]]:
 
;[[cleavage]]:卵割
 
;[[cleavage]]:卵割
 
;[[cleft]]:
 
;[[cleft]]:
 
;[[cleistogamy]]:
 
;[[cleistogamy]]:
 +
 +
==== Cli ====
 
;[[climate]]:気候
 
;[[climate]]:気候
 +
;[[climatic_change|climatic change]]:
 
;[[climatic_climax|climatic climax]]:
 
;[[climatic_climax|climatic climax]]:
 
;climax:極相,クライマックス,極期
 
;climax:極相,クライマックス,極期
 
;[[climax_community|climax community]]:
 
;[[climax_community|climax community]]:
 
;[[climax-pattern_hypothesis|climax-pattern hypothesis]]:
 
;[[climax-pattern_hypothesis|climax-pattern hypothesis]]:
;[[climbring]]:
+
;[[climax_stage|climax stage (or ecological succession)]]: see also [[ecological_succession|ecological succession]]
 +
;[[climax_state|climax state]]:
 +
;[[climbing]]:
 
;[[climbing_plant|climbing plant]]:蔓植物,つる植物
 
;[[climbing_plant|climbing plant]]:蔓植物,つる植物
 
;climograph:クライモグラフ,雨温図
 
;climograph:クライモグラフ,雨温図
 
;[[clinal_variation|clinal variation]]:
 
;[[clinal_variation|clinal variation]]:
 +
;[[cline]]:
 
;[[clique]]:
 
;[[clique]]:
 +
 +
==== Clo ====
 
;[[clonal_deletion|clonal deletion]]:
 
;[[clonal_deletion|clonal deletion]]:
 +
;[[clonal_interference|clonal interference]]:
 
;[[clonal_selection|clonal selection]]:
 
;[[clonal_selection|clonal selection]]:
 
;[[clonal_selection_theory | clonal selection theory]]:
 
;[[clonal_selection_theory | clonal selection theory]]:
346行: 414行:
 
;[[closed_nutrient_system|closed nutrient system]]:
 
;[[closed_nutrient_system|closed nutrient system]]:
 
;[[closed_population|closed population]]:
 
;[[closed_population|closed population]]:
 +
;[[closed_system|closed system]]:
 +
;[[closed-canopy_forest|closed-canopy forest]]:
 
;clot:かたまり
 
;clot:かたまり
 +
==== Clu ====
 
;club moss(es):ヒカゲノカズラ類
 
;club moss(es):ヒカゲノカズラ類
 
;clumped distribution:集中分布
 
;clumped distribution:集中分布
358行: 429行:
 
==== Coa ====
 
==== Coa ====
 
;[[coactivator]]:
 
;[[coactivator]]:
;[[coastal_zone|coastal zone]]:
+
;[[coadapted_gene_pool|coadapted gene pool]]:
 +
;[[coal]]:石炭
 +
;[[coal_gasification|coal gasification]]:石炭ガス化
 +
;[[coalescence]]:
 
;[[coarse-grained_habitat|coarse-grained habitat]]:
 
;[[coarse-grained_habitat|coarse-grained habitat]]:
 
;coastal:沿岸の,海岸の
 
;coastal:沿岸の,海岸の
;[[coated_vesicle | coated vesicle]]:
+
;[[coastal_zone|coastal zone]]:
 +
;[[coated_vesicle|coated vesicle]]:
 +
 
 
==== Coc ====
 
==== Coc ====
 
;[[coccus|coccus (pl. cocci)]]:球菌
 
;[[coccus|coccus (pl. cocci)]]:球菌
374行: 450行:
 
;codominant:共優性の
 
;codominant:共優性の
 
;[[codon|codon(s)]]:
 
;[[codon|codon(s)]]:
 +
;[[codon_bias|codon bias]]:
  
 
==== Coe ====
 
==== Coe ====
 +
;[[coefficient_of_relationship|coefficient of relationship]]:
 +
;[[coefficient_of_selection|coefficient of selection]]:
 
;[[coelom]]:
 
;[[coelom]]:
 
;[[coenocytic]]:
 
;[[coenocytic]]:
382行: 461行:
 
;[[coevolution|coevolution]]:共進化
 
;[[coevolution|coevolution]]:共進化
 
;[[coevolutionary_plant-animal_associations|coevolutionary plant-animal associations]]:
 
;[[coevolutionary_plant-animal_associations|coevolutionary plant-animal associations]]:
 +
 
==== Cof ====
 
==== Cof ====
 
;[[cofactor|cofactor(s)]]:
 
;[[cofactor|cofactor(s)]]:
 +
;[[with_confidence|confidence, with (with confidence)]]:自信をもつ,自信をもって,胸を張って
 +
 +
==== Cog ====
 +
;[[cogeneration]]:
 +
 
==== Coh ====
 
==== Coh ====
 
;[[coherent]]:
 
;[[coherent]]:
389行: 474行:
 
;[[cohesion]]:凝集
 
;[[cohesion]]:凝集
 
;[[cohesion-tension_theory|cohesion-tension theory]]:
 
;[[cohesion-tension_theory|cohesion-tension theory]]:
;[[cohort]]:群,コーホート
+
;[[cohort]]:コーホート,群
 
;[[cohort_life_table|cohort life table]]:
 
;[[cohort_life_table|cohort life table]]:
 +
 
==== Coi ====
 
==== Coi ====
 
;[[coiled-coil]]:
 
;[[coiled-coil]]:
407行: 493行:
 
;[[color_pattern|color pattern]]:
 
;[[color_pattern|color pattern]]:
 
;[[colon]]:結腸
 
;[[colon]]:結腸
 +
;[[colonize]]:
 
;[[colony|colony (pl. colonies)]]:コロニー
 
;[[colony|colony (pl. colonies)]]:コロニー
 
;[[colony_stimulating_factor | colony stimulating factor]]:
 
;[[colony_stimulating_factor | colony stimulating factor]]:
414行: 501行:
 
;[[columella]]:
 
;[[columella]]:
 
;[[column]]:
 
;[[column]]:
 +
 
==== Com ====
 
==== Com ====
 
;[[combinable_components_consensus_tree|combinable components consensus tree]]
 
;[[combinable_components_consensus_tree|combinable components consensus tree]]
 
;[[combination_nova|combination nova]]:
 
;[[combination_nova|combination nova]]:
 
;[[commemorative]]:
 
;[[commemorative]]:
;[[commensalism]]:
+
;[[commensalism]]:片利共生
 +
;[[commercial-grade_forest|commercial-grade forest]]:
 
;[[commonality]]:
 
;[[commonality]]:
 +
;[[common_ancestor|common ancestor]]:
 
;[[common_pruned_tree|common pruned tree]]:-> [[greatest_agreement_subtree|greatest agreement subtree]]
 
;[[common_pruned_tree|common pruned tree]]:-> [[greatest_agreement_subtree|greatest agreement subtree]]
 
;[[common_garden|common garden]]:
 
;[[common_garden|common garden]]:
 +
;[[common_law|common law]]:
 
;[[common_name|common name(s)]]:
 
;[[common_name|common name(s)]]:
 +
;[[commons]]:
 
;[[communication]]:
 
;[[communication]]:
 
;[[community|community]]:共同体,共同社会,地域社会,群集,(植物)群落,(動物)群生
 
;[[community|community]]:共同体,共同社会,地域社会,群集,(植物)群落,(動物)群生
 +
;[[ecological_community|community, ecological]]: -> [[ecological_community|ecological community]]
 +
;[[community_effect|community effect (community-level effect)]]:
 
;[[community_structure|community structure]]:
 
;[[community_structure|community structure]]:
 
;[[comose]]:
 
;[[comose]]:
;[[compact_bone|compact bone]]:
+
;[[compact_bone|compact bone]]:緻密骨,ち密骨
 
;[[companion_cell|companion cell]]:伴細胞
 
;[[companion_cell|companion cell]]:伴細胞
 
;[[comparative_experiment|comparative experiment]]:
 
;[[comparative_experiment|comparative experiment]]:
 
;[[comparative_genomics|comparative genomics]]:
 
;[[comparative_genomics|comparative genomics]]:
 +
;[[comparative_method|comparative method]]:
 
;[[compartment]]:
 
;[[compartment]]:
 
;[[compartment_model|compartment model]]:
 
;[[compartment_model|compartment model]]:
447行: 542行:
 
;[[complementation]]:
 
;[[complementation]]:
 
;[[complete]]:
 
;[[complete]]:
;[[complete_cleavage|complete cleavage]]:
+
;[[complete_cleavage|complete cleavage]]:完全卵割
 
;[[complete_metamorphosis|complete metamorphosis]]:
 
;[[complete_metamorphosis|complete metamorphosis]]:
 
;complex:複合体,複合物,錯体,複合の,複雑な,複雑なまとまり
 
;complex:複合体,複合物,錯体,複合の,複雑な,複雑なまとまり
 +
;complex system:複雑系
 
;[[complex tissue]]:
 
;[[complex tissue]]:
 
;[[complex_trait | complex trait]]:
 
;[[complex_trait | complex trait]]:
455行: 551行:
 
;[[component_information|component information]]:
 
;[[component_information|component information]]:
 
;composition:組成,構成,成分
 
;composition:組成,構成,成分
 +
;[[composting]]:
 
;[[compound]]:化合物
 
;[[compound]]:化合物
 
;[[compound cone]]:
 
;[[compound cone]]:
468行: 565行:
 
;[[compound sieve plate]]:
 
;[[compound sieve plate]]:
 
;[[compound umbel]]:
 
;[[compound umbel]]:
 +
;[[comprehensive_plan|comprehensive plan]]:
 
;[[compromise_tree|compromise tree(s)]]:
 
;[[compromise_tree|compromise tree(s)]]:
 
;[[computer]]:コンピュータ,コンピューター,電子計算機,自動計算機,電子式汎用計算機,電算機,電脳
 
;[[computer]]:コンピュータ,コンピューター,電子計算機,自動計算機,電子式汎用計算機,電算機,電脳
474行: 572行:
 
;concentration gradient:濃度勾配
 
;concentration gradient:濃度勾配
 
;[[concerted_evolution|concerted evolution]]:
 
;[[concerted_evolution|concerted evolution]]:
 +
;[[concealed_ovulation|concealed ovulation]]:
 
;[[concordance]]:
 
;[[concordance]]:
;[[condensation_reaction | condensation reaction]]:
+
;[[condensation_reaction|condensation reaction]]:
 
;[[condensin]]:
 
;[[condensin]]:
;[[conditional_mutation | conditional mutation]]:
+
;[[conditional_mutation|conditional mutation]]:
 +
;[[condition-dependent_indicator|condition-dependent indicator]]:
 
;[[conduction]]:
 
;[[conduction]]:
 
;[[conduplicate]]:
 
;[[conduplicate]]:
;[[cone|cone(s)]]:
+
;[[cone|cone(s)]]:球果,松かさ
 +
;[[cone_of_depression|cone of depression]]:
 
;[[confer]]:
 
;[[confer]]:
 
;[[configuration]]:
 
;[[configuration]]:
;conflict:(n) 不一致,矛盾,衝突,対立;(v) 矛盾する,対立する,葛藤する,コンフリクトする,相克する
+
;[[conflict]]:(n) 不一致,矛盾,衝突,対立;(v) 矛盾する,対立する,葛藤する,コンフリクトする,相克する
 +
;[[congeneric]]:
 
;[[congruence_test|congruence test]]:
 
;[[congruence_test|congruence test]]:
 
;[[congruent_character|congruent character]]:
 
;[[congruent_character|congruent character]]:
496行: 598行:
 
;[[connectance]]:
 
;[[connectance]]:
 
;[[connective]]:
 
;[[connective]]:
;[[connective_tissue|connective tissue]]:
+
;[[connective_tissue|connective tissue]]:結合組織,結合織
 
;[[connexin]]:
 
;[[connexin]]:
 
;[[connexon]]:
 
;[[connexon]]:
503行: 605行:
 
;[[consensus_sequence|consensus sequence]]:
 
;[[consensus_sequence|consensus sequence]]:
 
;[[consensus_tree|consensus tree]]:
 
;[[consensus_tree|consensus tree]]:
 +
;[[conservation]]:保護,保全,保存
 
;[[conservation_biology|conservation biology]]:
 
;[[conservation_biology|conservation biology]]:
 
;conservation ecology:保全生態学
 
;conservation ecology:保全生態学
;conservation:保護,保全,保存
+
;[[conservation_of_names|conservation of names]]:
;[[conservation of names]]:
+
;[[conservative_characters|conservative characters]]:
 
;conserve:保護する,保全する,保存する
 
;conserve:保護する,保全する,保存する
 
;[[conserved]]:
 
;[[conserved]]:
512行: 615行:
 
;[[consistency_index|consistency index (ci, CI)]]:
 
;[[consistency_index|consistency index (ci, CI)]]:
 
;[[consistent_character|consistent character]]:
 
;[[consistent_character|consistent character]]:
;[[conspecifics]]:
+
;[[conspecific|conspecific/conspecifics]]:
 
;[[constancy]]:
 
;[[constancy]]:
 
;[[constant_character|constant character]]:
 
;[[constant_character|constant character]]:
519行: 622行:
 
;[[constitutive_secretory_pathway | constitutive secretory pathway]]:
 
;[[constitutive_secretory_pathway | constitutive secretory pathway]]:
 
;[[constrained_two-step_analysis|constrained, two-step analysis]]:
 
;[[constrained_two-step_analysis|constrained, two-step analysis]]:
 +
;[[constraint|constraint(s)]]:
 
;[[consumer|consumer(s)]]:消費者
 
;[[consumer|consumer(s)]]:消費者
 
;consumption:消費,消費量
 
;consumption:消費,消費量
 +
;[[consumptive_use|consumptive use]]:
 +
;[[contamination]]:
 
;[[contiguous]]:
 
;[[contiguous]]:
 
;[[continental_climates|continental climates]]:
 
;[[continental_climates|continental climates]]:
 
;[[continental_drift|continental drift]]:大陸移動(説)
 
;[[continental_drift|continental drift]]:大陸移動(説)
;continental shelf:大陸棚
+
;[[continental_shelf|continental shelf]]:大陸棚
 
;[[continuous_character|continuous character]]:
 
;[[continuous_character|continuous character]]:
 
;[[contorted]]:
 
;[[contorted]]:
;[[contractile_ring | contractile ring]]:
+
;[[contour_plowing|contour plowing]]:
 +
;[[contractile_ring|contractile ring]]:
 
;[[contractile_root|contractile root(s)]]:
 
;[[contractile_root|contractile root(s)]]:
 
;[[contractile_vacuole|contractile vacuole]]:
 
;[[contractile_vacuole|contractile vacuole]]:
 
;contraction:収縮
 
;contraction:収縮
 
;[[control|control(s)]]:コントロール,対照,調節,制御,支配,規制,対象区,比較になるもの,対照実験,コントロール実験
 
;[[control|control(s)]]:コントロール,対照,調節,制御,支配,規制,対象区,比較になるもの,対照実験,コントロール実験
 +
;[[control_region|control region]]:
 +
;[[controlled_burning|controlled burning]]:
 
;[[controlled_experiment|controlled experiment]]:
 
;[[controlled_experiment|controlled experiment]]:
;[[convection]]:
+
;[[convection]]:対流,環流
 
;[[convergence]]:収斂(しゅうれん)
 
;[[convergence]]:収斂(しゅうれん)
 
;[[convergent_evolution|convergent evolution]]:収斂進化
 
;[[convergent_evolution|convergent evolution]]:収斂進化
 +
;[[convergent_plate_boundary|convergent plate boundary]]:
 
;[[convolute]]:
 
;[[convolute]]:
 +
 +
==== Coo ====
 +
;[[cooperation]]:
 +
;[[co-option]]:
  
 
==== Cop ====
 
==== Cop ====
 +
;[[Cope's_rule|Cope's rule]]:
 
;[[copulation]]:
 
;[[copulation]]:
 +
;[[copy_number_variant|copy number variant(s)]]:
 +
 
==== Cor ====
 
==== Cor ====
 
;coral reef(s):珊瑚礁
 
;coral reef(s):珊瑚礁
556行: 673行:
 
;[[coronary_thrombosis|coronary thrombosis]]:
 
;[[coronary_thrombosis|coronary thrombosis]]:
 
;[[coronate]]:
 
;[[coronate]]:
;[[corpus_luteum|corpus luteum]]:
+
;[[corpus_luteum|corpus luteum]]:黄体
 
;[[correct name]]:
 
;[[correct name]]:
 +
;[[correlated_selection|correlated selection]]:
 +
;[[correlation]]:
 +
;[[correlation_coefficient|correlation coefficient]]:相関係数
 
;[[corridor]]:コリドー,回廊地帯,廊下,重要なルート
 
;[[corridor]]:コリドー,回廊地帯,廊下,重要なルート
 
;[[cortex]]:皮層(地衣類の―)
 
;[[cortex]]:皮層(地衣類の―)
565行: 685行:
 
;[[cortisol]]:
 
;[[cortisol]]:
 
;[[corymb]]:
 
;[[corymb]]:
 +
 
==== Cos ====
 
==== Cos ====
 +
;[[cosmopolitan_species|cosmopolitan species]]:普遍種,広布種,汎存種,コスモポリタン
 +
;[[cospeciation_analysis|cospeciation analysis]]:
 
;[[cost]]:
 
;[[cost]]:
 
;[[costa]]:
 
;[[costa]]:
571行: 694行:
 
;[[cost-benefit_analysis|cost-benefit analysis]]:
 
;[[cost-benefit_analysis|cost-benefit analysis]]:
 
;[[cost_matrix|cost matrix]]:
 
;[[cost_matrix|cost matrix]]:
 +
;[[cost_of_reproduction|cost of reproduction]]:
 +
;[[cost_of_sex|cost of sex]]:
 +
;[[direct_costs|costs, direct]]: -> [[direct_costs|direct costs]]
 +
;[[indirect_costs|costs, indirect]]: -> [[indirect_costs|indirect costs]]
  
 
==== Cot ====
 
==== Cot ====
576行: 703行:
 
;[[cotylespermous]]:
 
;[[cotylespermous]]:
 
==== Cou ====
 
==== Cou ====
 +
;countable:
 
;[[countercurrent_flow|countercurrent flow]]:
 
;[[countercurrent_flow|countercurrent flow]]:
 
;[[countercurrent_multiplier|countercurrent multiplier]]:
 
;[[countercurrent_multiplier|countercurrent multiplier]]:
 
;[[couplet]]:
 
;[[couplet]]:
 +
 
==== Cov ====
 
==== Cov ====
 
;[[covalent_bond|covalent bond]]:共有結合
 
;[[covalent_bond|covalent bond]]:共有結合
584行: 713行:
  
 
=== Cp ===
 
=== Cp ===
;[[CpG_islands|CpG islands]]:
+
;[[CpG_islands|CpG islands]]:CpGアイランド,CpG島
  
 
=== Cr ===
 
=== Cr ===
 +
==== Cra ====
 
;[[craspedodromous]]:
 
;[[craspedodromous]]:
 
;[[crassinucellate]]:
 
;[[crassinucellate]]:
 
;[[crassulacean_acid_metabolism|crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)]]:ベンケイソウ型酸代謝,ベンケイソウ型有機酸代謝,CAM型光合成
 
;[[crassulacean_acid_metabolism|crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)]]:ベンケイソウ型酸代謝,ベンケイソウ型有機酸代謝,CAM型光合成
 +
==== Cre ====
 +
;[[creationism]]:
 
;[[crenate]]:
 
;[[crenate]]:
 
;[[crenulate]]:
 
;[[crenulate]]:
 +
 +
==== Cri ====
 
;[[crista|crista(e)]]:クリステ
 
;[[crista|crista(e)]]:クリステ
 
;[[criterion_of_chorological_progression|criterion of chorological progression]]:-> [[chorological_progression|chorological progression]]
 
;[[criterion_of_chorological_progression|criterion of chorological progression]]:-> [[chorological_progression|chorological progression]]
 
;[[geological_character_precedence|criterion of geological character precedence]]:-> [[geological_character_precedence|geological character precedence]]:
 
;[[geological_character_precedence|criterion of geological character precedence]]:-> [[geological_character_precedence|geological character precedence]]:
 +
;[[CRISPR-Cas9]]:クリスパーキャスナイン
 
;[[critical_load|critical load]]:
 
;[[critical_load|critical load]]:
;[[critical_night_length|critical night length]]:
+
;[[critical_night_length|critical night length]]:臨界夜長
;[[critical_period|critical period]]:
+
;[[critical_period|critical period]]:感受期
 +
 
 +
==== Cro ====
 +
;[[Cro-Magnon]]:クロマニョン人
 +
;[[crop_rotation|crop rotation]]:輪作
 +
;[[cross_section|cross section]]:横断面,断面図
 
;[[cross-fertilization]]:他家受精,交雑
 
;[[cross-fertilization]]:他家受精,交雑
 
;[[crossing_over|crossing-over (crossing over)]]:交差,乗替え,交叉,のりかえ,交さ(染色体の)
 
;[[crossing_over|crossing-over (crossing over)]]:交差,乗替え,交叉,のりかえ,交さ(染色体の)
 
;crossover:乗替え,クロスオーバー,組換え
 
;crossover:乗替え,クロスオーバー,組換え
 
;[[cross-pollination]]:他家受粉,異花受粉
 
;[[cross-pollination]]:他家受粉,異花受粉
 +
;[[crown_group|crown group]]:
 
;[[crownshaft]]:
 
;[[crownshaft]]:
 
;[[crozier]]:
 
;[[crozier]]:
 +
 +
==== Cru ====
 
;[[cruciate]]:
 
;[[cruciate]]:
 
;[[crucifer type]]:
 
;[[crucifer type]]:
 +
;[[crude_oil|crude oil]]:原油,粗製油
 
;crustacean:甲殻類
 
;crustacean:甲殻類
 +
 +
==== Cry ====
 
;[[crypantherous]]:
 
;[[crypantherous]]:
;[[crypsis]]:
+
;[[crypsis]]:保護色,隠蔽色
 
;cryptic species:隠蔽種(いんぺいしゅ)
 
;cryptic species:隠蔽種(いんぺいしゅ)
 
;[[cryptocoylar]]:
 
;[[cryptocoylar]]:
;[[cryptochrome|cryptochrome(s)]]:
+
;[[cryptochrome|cryptochrome(s)]]:クリプトクロム,クリプトクローム
 
;Cryptogam:隠花植物
 
;Cryptogam:隠花植物
 
;[[cryptomonads]]:クリプト藻,クリプト藻類,クリプトモナス類
 
;[[cryptomonads]]:クリプト藻,クリプト藻類,クリプトモナス類
618行: 764行:
 
=== Ct ===
 
=== Ct ===
 
;[[ctene]]:
 
;[[ctene]]:
 +
;ctenophore(s):有節動物,クシクラゲ類
 
;[[C_terminus|C terminus]]:C末端
 
;[[C_terminus|C terminus]]:C末端
  
625行: 772行:
 
;[[cultivar]]:栽培品種,園芸品種,品種,培養株
 
;[[cultivar]]:栽培品種,園芸品種,品種,培養株
 
;[[cultural_control|cultural control]]:
 
;[[cultural_control|cultural control]]:
;[[culture]]:
+
;[[cultural_evolution|cultural evolution]]:
 +
;[[culture]]:文化,カルチャー,養殖,栽培
 
;culture dish:シャーレ
 
;culture dish:シャーレ
 
;[[cuneate]]:
 
;[[cuneate]]:
631行: 779行:
 
;[[cupule]]:
 
;[[cupule]]:
 
;[[curator]]:
 
;[[curator]]:
 +
;[[curie|curie (C.)]]:キュリー
 
;[[cuspidate]]:
 
;[[cuspidate]]:
 
;[[cutan]]:
 
;[[cutan]]:
;[[cuticle]]:
+
;[[cuticle]]:表皮,上皮
 
;[[cutin]]:
 
;[[cutin]]:
  
 
=== Cy ===
 
=== Cy ===
 +
==== Cya ====
 
;[[cyanobacteria|cyanobacteria]]:藍藻,ラン藻,ラン藻類,シアノバクテリア,blue-green algae.cyanobacteriumの複数形
 
;[[cyanobacteria|cyanobacteria]]:藍藻,ラン藻,ラン藻類,シアノバクテリア,blue-green algae.cyanobacteriumの複数形
 
;[[cyanobacterium|cyanobacterium (pl. cyanobacteria)]]:cyanobacteriaの単数形.
 
;[[cyanobacterium|cyanobacterium (pl. cyanobacteria)]]:cyanobacteriaの単数形.
 
;[[cyathium]]:
 
;[[cyathium]]:
 +
==== Cyc ====
 
;cycle:周期
 
;cycle:周期
;[[cyclic_AMP|cyclic AMP (cAMP)]]:
+
;[[cyclic_AMP|cyclic AMP (cAMP)]]:サイクリックAMP,環状AMP,環状アデノシン一リン酸
 
;[[cyclic_electron_flow|cyclic electron flow]]:
 
;[[cyclic_electron_flow|cyclic electron flow]]:
;[[cyclic_electron_transport|cyclic electron transport]]:
+
;[[cyclic_electron_transport|cyclic electron transport]]:環状電子伝達
;[[cyclin]]:
+
;[[cyclin]]:サイクリン
;[[cyclin-dependent_kinase|cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)]]:
+
;[[cyclin-dependent_kinase|cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)]]:サイクリン依存性キナーゼ,サイクリンキナーゼ
 +
;[[cycly]]:
 +
 
 +
==== Cym ====
 
;[[cyme]]:
 
;[[cyme]]:
 
;[[cymule]]:
 
;[[cymule]]:
 +
==== Cyp ====
 
;[[cyphellum|cyphellum (pl. cyphellae)]]:
 
;[[cyphellum|cyphellum (pl. cyphellae)]]:
;[[cypseta]]:
+
;[[cypsela]]:
 +
==== Cys ====
 
;cysteine:システイン
 
;cysteine:システイン
 
;[[cystolith]]:
 
;[[cystolith]]:
;[[cytokine]]:
+
==== Cyt ====
 +
;[[cytokine]]:サイトカイン
 
;[[cytokinesis]]:細胞質分裂
 
;[[cytokinesis]]:細胞質分裂
;[[cytokinins|cytokinin(s)]]:
+
;[[cytokinins|cytokinin(s)]]:サイトカイニン
 
;[[cytoplasm]]:細胞質
 
;[[cytoplasm]]:細胞質
 
;[[cytoplasmic_determinants|cytoplasmic determinants]]:
 
;[[cytoplasmic_determinants|cytoplasmic determinants]]:
;[[cytoplasmic_segregation]]:
+
;[[cytoplasmic_male_sterility|cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)]]:
;[[cytoplasmic streaming]]:
+
;[[cytoplasmic_segregation|cytoplasmic segregation]]:
;[[cytosine|cytosine(C)]]:
+
;[[cytoplasmic_streaming|cytoplasmic streaming]]:原形質流動,細胞質流動
;[[cytoskeleton]]:
+
;[[cytosine|cytosine(C)]]:シトシン
;[[cytosol]]:
+
;[[cytoskeleton]]:細胞骨格
 +
;[[cytosol]]:サイトゾル,細胞質ゾル,細胞基質
 
;cytotoxic:細胞傷害性の,細胞を殺傷する
 
;cytotoxic:細胞傷害性の,細胞を殺傷する
 
;[[cytotoxic_T_cells|cytotoxic T cells (Tc)]]:細胞傷害性T細胞,キラーT細胞
 
;[[cytotoxic_T_cells|cytotoxic T cells (Tc)]]:細胞傷害性T細胞,キラーT細胞

2019年10月20日 (日) 21:47時点における最新版

目次

C_

C. (curie)
キュリー -> curie (C.)
C horizon
-> parent rock:母岩
C-value paradox
C3 pathway (C3 pathway)
C3経路
C3 plant(s) [C3 plant(s)]
C3植物
C4 pathway (C4 pathway)
C4経路
C4 photosynthesis (C4 photosynthesis)
C4 plant(s) [C4 plant(s)]
C4植物

Ca

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase
->CaM-kinase
cactus
サボテン,サボテン類

Cad

cadherin
カドヘリン
caducous

Cae

Caenorhabditis elegans

Cag

caged molecule

Cak

CAK
-> Cdk-activating kinase

Cal

calcitonin
calcium pump
-> Ca2+ pump
calcrete (caliche)
caliche
-> calcrete
callose
カロース
callus
calmodulin
calorie
カロリー
Calvin-Benson cycle
calybium and cupule
どんぐり状果,殻斗果
calyptra
calyptrate
calyx
calyx lobes

Cam

CAM
Cambrian explosion
Camin-Sokal optimization
CaM-kinase
CaM-kinase II
cAMP
->cyclic AMP
campanulate
cAMP-dependent protein kinase
-> protein kinase A
camouflage
(n) カムフラージュ,擬装,変装;(v) カムフラージュする
CAM plants
camptodromous
campylodromous
campylotropous

Can

canaliculate
canalization
cancellous bone
candidate gene
canescent
cannibalism
cancer
canopy

Cap

capillaries 
毛細血管
capillary action
capillary bed
毛細血管床
capillary bristle
capitate
capitulum
capsid
capsule
Ca2+ pump (calcium pump, Ca2+ ATPase)

Car

carbohydrate(s)
炭水化物
carbon
炭素
carbon cycle
炭素循環
carbon dioxide (CO2)
二酸化炭素
carbon dioxide assimilation
炭酸同化
carbon dioxide fixation
炭酸固定
carbon fixation reaction
carbon monoxide (CO)
一酸化炭素
carbon sink
carbon skeleton
carbonaceous
carbonate
carbonate-silicate cycle
carbonyl group
carboxylase
carboxylation
カルボキシル化
carboxyl group
カルボキシル基
carboxyl terminus
-> C terminus
carcinogen
発癌物質,発癌性物質
carcinoma
cardiac cycle
心周期,心臓周期
cardiac muscle
心筋
cardiovascular system
carinate
carnivore(s)
肉食動物,肉食獣,食虫植物
carnose
carotenoid
carotid body
carpel
心皮
carpellate
心皮で成るまたはそれを生成する
carpophore
carrageenan
カラギーナン,カラジーナン,カラゲナン,カラギナン,カラゲニン(carrageenin)
carrageenin
-> carrageenan
carrier
carrier protein
->transporter
carrying capacity (K)
cartilage
cartilage bone
cartilaginous
caruncle
caryopses
caryopsis
caryophyllid type

Cas

cascade
-> signaling cascade
cash crops
換金作物
Casparian strip
カスパリー線
caspase

Cat

catabolic reaction
catabolism
異化
catalyst
触媒
catalytic action
触媒作用
catalyze
触媒作用を及ぼす
cataphyll
catastrophe factor
catastrophic agents
category
β-catenin
->beta catenin:
cation
catkin

Cau

caudal
caudate
caudex
caudiciform stem
caulescent
cauliflorus
cauline

Cav

caveola (pl. caveolae)
cavity
腔(こう,くう)

Cd

CD4
CD8
CD28
Cdc6
Cdc20
Cdc25
Cdc gene (cell-division-cycle gene)
Cdk
-> cyclin-dependent kinase
Cdk-activating kinase
Cdk inhibitor protein
cDNA (complementary DNA)
cDNA library
Cdt1

Ce

cecum
cell
細胞
cell adhesion molecule
->CAM
cell biology
細胞生物学
cell cortex
cell cycle
細胞周期
cell cycle control system
cell differentiation
cell division
cell-division-cycle gene
-> Cdc gene
cell expansion
細胞増殖
cell fate
cell-free system
cell junctions
cell layers
胚葉 -> germ layers
cell line
cell membrane
細胞膜
cell memory
cell plate
細胞板
cell recognition
cell senescence
-> replicative cell senescence
cell signaling
cell theory
cell transformation
->transformation
cell wall
細胞壁
cellular endosperm
cellular immune response
cellular respiration
細胞呼吸,内呼吸
cellular
細胞の,細胞
cellularization
cellulose
セルロース
cellulose microfibril
セルロースミクロフィブリル
cellulose-rich cell wall
central
central cell
central dogma
central nervous system (CNS)
中枢神経系,脳神経系
central lymphoid organ (primary lymphoid organ)
central vacuole
Cenozoic era
新生代
centigrade
セ氏,摂氏
centric leaf
centrifugal
centrifuge
centriole
中心小体,中心粒
centripetal
centromere
セントロメア,動原体
centrosome
中心体
cephalization
cephalodium (pl. cephalodia)
頭状体
cephalopod
頭足類
cereal(s)
cerebellum
小脳
cerebral cortex
大脳皮質
cerebral hemisphere
大脳半球
cerebrum
大脳
cernuous
cervix
首(の特に後部),頸部(けいぶ),子宮頸部
cespitose/caespitose

Cg

CG island
cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate)
CGN
-> cis Golgi network:

Ch

Cha

chaff
chalazal
chamaephyte
地表植物
channel (membrane channel)
channel-forming junction
channel protein
chaos theory
chaparral
シャパラル,低木林
chaperone (molecular chaperone)
シャペロン,分子シャペロン
character(s)
形質,特徴,特性
character analysis
character congruence
character correlation
character displacement
character evolution
character optimization
characteristic species
標徴種
character state
形質状態
character step matrix
character × taxon matrix
charcoalification
chartaceous
chasmogamy

Che

cheat
checkpoint
cheiropterophily
chelate
キレート
chelonian
カメの
chemical
化学の
chemical-biological theory
chemical biology
chemical bond(s)
chemical evolution
chemical reaction
化学反応
chemical synapse
chemically gated channel
chemiosmosis
chemiosmotic coupling
chemoautotrophs
chemoheterotroph
chemokine
chemolithotrophic bacteria
無機栄養細菌
chemoreceptor
chemosynthesis
化学合成
chemosystematics
化学分類,化学系統分類
chemotaxis
chemotaxonomy
化学分類,化学分類学
chenopodial type

Chi

chiasma (pl. chiasmata)
Chihuahuan Desert
chimera
chimeric gene
chimney effect (or stack effect)
chinampas agriculture
ChIP
-> chromatin immunoprecipitation
chitin
キチン

Chl

Chlorobionta
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
クロロフルオロカーボン,フロン,フロン類
chlorophyll
葉緑素,クロロフィル
chlorophyll a
クロロフィルa
chlorophyll b
クロロフィルb
chlorophyllous
chlorophyllous cell
chloroplast
葉緑体

Cho

choanocyte
cholecystokinin
cholesterol
コレステロール
chondrocyte (cartilage cell)
chordate
脊索動物,脊椎動物
chorion
chorological progression, criterion of

Chr

chromatids
染色分体
chromatin
クロマチン
chromatin immunoprecipitation
chromatin remodeling complex
chromatography
chromoplast
chromoplasts
chromosomal mutation
chromosome(s)
染色体
chronic disease
chronic hunger
chronic patchiness
chronology
年代学,編年,クロノロジー
chronospecies

Chy

chylomicron
chyme
キーム,糜粥(びじゅく),消化粥

Ci

CI
-> consistency index / chloroform-isoamyl alcohol
ci
-> consistency index
cilia
-> cilium (pl. cilia) 繊毛
ciliate
繊毛虫
ciliated
繊毛性の
ciliolate
cilium (pl. cilia)
cincinnus
circadian clock
概日時計
circadian rhythm
概日リズム,概日周期,サーカディアンリズム
circannual rhythm
circinate
circinate vernation
circumferential
circumscissile capsule
circumscribe
制限する,囲む,取り囲む,周りに境界線を引く,境界線を描く,周囲を囲む,外接する,外接させる,束縛する
circumscription
定義,限界,範囲,分類学的限界,制限,限定,周辺,周囲,外接,サーカムスクリプション
cirrhose
cis
シス
cis-regulatory element
cisternae
circulatory system
循環器,循環系,循環器系
citric acid cycle (or tricarboxylic acid cycle, Krebs cycle)
クエン酸回路,TCAサイクル,TCA回路,クレブス回路(Krebs cycle),トリカルボン酸回路
city planning

Ck

CKI

Cl

Cla

clade(s)
クレード.共通祖先をもつまとまり.
clade stability
-> Bremer support
clade stability index (CSI)
cladistic
分岐学の,分岐分類学の,分岐分類の,分岐解析の
cladistic analysis
分岐解析,分岐分析
cladistic consistency
cladistic covariation
cladistics
分岐学,分岐分類学
cladode/cladodophyll
cladodromous
cladogenesis
cladogram(s)
分岐図
cladogram robustness
clambering
class(es)
綱(分類階級のひとつ)
classification
分類
class I MHC protein (class I MHC molecules)
class II MHC protein (class II MHC molecules)
class switch
clathrin
clava
clavate
claw
clay
粘土,土,泥

Cle

Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
clear-cutting
cleavage
卵割
cleft
cleistogamy

Cli

climate
気候
climatic change
climatic climax
climax
極相,クライマックス,極期
climax community
climax-pattern hypothesis
climax stage (or ecological succession)
see also ecological succession
climax state
climbing
climbing plant
蔓植物,つる植物
climograph
クライモグラフ,雨温図
clinal variation
cline
clique

Clo

clonal deletion
clonal interference
clonal selection
clonal selection theory
clone
クローン
cloning vector
cloaca
総排出腔,総排泄腔
closed circulatory system
closed nutrient system
closed population
closed system
closed-canopy forest
clot
かたまり

Clu

club moss(es)
ヒカゲノカズラ類
clumped distribution
集中分布
cluster analysis
クラスタ分析.多変量解析のひとつ.
cluster
(n) クラスター,集団,群れ,房,塊,束; (v) クラスター形成する,集めて一団にする,密集する,群がる

Cn

cnidarians
刺胞動物

Co

Coa

coactivator
coadapted gene pool
coal
石炭
coal gasification
石炭ガス化
coalescence
coarse-grained habitat
coastal
沿岸の,海岸の
coastal zone
coated vesicle

Coc

coccus (pl. cocci)
球菌
coccolith
cochlea

Cod

coding
coding region(s)
翻訳領域, コード領域 <-> noncoding region(s)
coding sequence
翻訳領域にコードされた配列
coding
翻訳領域の <-> noncoding
codominance
共優性
codominant
共優性の
codon(s)
codon bias

Coe

coefficient of relationship
coefficient of selection
coelom
coenocytic
coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, HSCoA)
補酵素A,コエンザイムA
coenzyme(s)
coevolution
共進化
coevolutionary plant-animal associations

Cof

cofactor(s)
confidence, with (with confidence)
自信をもつ,自信をもって,胸を張って

Cog

cogeneration

Coh

coherent
cohesin
コヒーシン
cohesion
凝集
cohesion-tension theory
cohort
コーホート,群
cohort life table

Coi

coiled-coil
co-immunoprecipitation

Col

coleoptile
coleozhia
collagen
collateral
collateral bud
collateral bundle
collecting duct
collenchyma
collenchyma cell(s)
colleter
color pattern
colon
結腸
colonize
colony (pl. colonies)
コロニー
colony stimulating factor
coloration
着色(法),彩色,配色,呈色
colporate
colpus
columella
column

Com

combinable components consensus tree
combination nova
commemorative
commensalism
片利共生
commercial-grade forest
commonality
common ancestor
common pruned tree
-> greatest agreement subtree
common garden
common law
common name(s)
commons
communication
community
共同体,共同社会,地域社会,群集,(植物)群落,(動物)群生
community, ecological
-> ecological community
community effect (community-level effect)
community structure
comose
compact bone
緻密骨,ち密骨
companion cell
伴細胞
comparative experiment
comparative genomics
comparative method
compartment
compartment model
compatible character(s)
compensation point
competition
競争,生存競争,競合,競合作用,競争相手
competitive exclusion
competitive exclusion principle
competitive inhibitor
competitor(s)
競争相手,競争者,競合者
compensatory effects
complement system
complementary
相補的な
complementary base pairing
complementary DNA
->cDNA
complementation
complete
complete cleavage
完全卵割
complete metamorphosis
complex
複合体,複合物,錯体,複合の,複雑な,複雑なまとまり
complex system
複雑系
complex tissue
complex trait
component‎(s)‎
component information
composition
組成,構成,成分
composting
compound
化合物
compound cone
compound corymb
compound cyme
compound dichasium
compound eye
複眼
compound leaf (pl. compound leaves)
複葉
compound light microscope
compound ovary/pistil
compound perforation plate
compound receptacle
compound sieve plate
compound umbel
comprehensive plan
compromise tree(s)
computer
コンピュータ,コンピューター,電子計算機,自動計算機,電子式汎用計算機,電算機,電脳

Con

concentration gradient
濃度勾配
concerted evolution
concealed ovulation
concordance
condensation reaction
condensin
conditional mutation
condition-dependent indicator
conduction
conduplicate
cone(s)
球果,松かさ
cone of depression
confer
configuration
conflict
(n) 不一致,矛盾,衝突,対立;(v) 矛盾する,対立する,葛藤する,コンフリクトする,相克する
congeneric
congruence test
congruent character
congruent cladograms
conidium (pl. conidia)
分生子,分生胞子
conifer(s)
針葉樹,球果植物
coniferous forest
針葉樹林
conjugation
conjunction test
connate
connate-perfoliate
connectance
connective
connective tissue
結合組織,結合織
connexin
connexon
connivent
consensus method
consensus sequence
consensus tree
conservation
保護,保全,保存
conservation biology
conservation ecology
保全生態学
conservation of names
conservative characters
conserve
保護する,保全する,保存する
conserved
consistency
一貫性,常に変わらないこと,物事が同じパターンに沿っていること,整合性,濃度,堅さ
consistency index (ci, CI)
consistent character
conspecific/conspecifics
constancy
constant character
constant region
constitutive
constitutive secretory pathway
constrained, two-step analysis
constraint(s)
consumer(s)
消費者
consumption
消費,消費量
consumptive use
contamination
contiguous
continental climates
continental drift
大陸移動(説)
continental shelf
大陸棚
continuous character
contorted
contour plowing
contractile ring
contractile root(s)
contractile vacuole
contraction
収縮
control(s)
コントロール,対照,調節,制御,支配,規制,対象区,比較になるもの,対照実験,コントロール実験
control region
controlled burning
controlled experiment
convection
対流,環流
convergence
収斂(しゅうれん)
convergent evolution
収斂進化
convergent plate boundary
convolute

Coo

cooperation
co-option

Cop

Cope's rule
copulation
copy number variant(s)

Cor

coral reef(s)
珊瑚礁
cordate
cordate/cordiform
coriaceous
cork
(n) コルク,コルク製品,コルク栓,コルク質,木栓,栓皮;(aj) コルク製の;(v) コルクでふさぐ,コルクを詰める,コルクの栓をする
cork cambium
コルク形成層,栓皮形成層,木栓形成層
corm
球茎,芋
cormel
cornea
corolla
花冠
corolla lobe
corona
coronary artery
coronary thrombosis
coronate
corpus luteum
黄体
correct name
correlated selection
correlation
correlation coefficient
相関係数
corridor
コリドー,回廊地帯,廊下,重要なルート
cortex
皮層(地衣類の―)
corticosteroids
corticotropin
corticotropin-releasing hormone
cortisol
corymb

Cos

cosmopolitan species
普遍種,広布種,汎存種,コスモポリタン
cospeciation analysis
cost
costa
costapalmate
cost-benefit analysis
cost matrix
cost of reproduction
cost of sex
costs, direct
-> direct costs
costs, indirect
-> indirect costs

Cot

cotyledon
子葉
cotylespermous

Cou

countable
countercurrent flow
countercurrent multiplier
couplet

Cov

covalent bond
共有結合
covariance
共分散

Cp

CpG islands
CpGアイランド,CpG島

Cr

Cra

craspedodromous
crassinucellate
crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)
ベンケイソウ型酸代謝,ベンケイソウ型有機酸代謝,CAM型光合成

Cre

creationism
crenate
crenulate

Cri

crista(e)
クリステ
criterion of chorological progression
-> chorological progression
criterion of geological character precedence
-> geological character precedence:
CRISPR-Cas9
クリスパーキャスナイン
critical load
critical night length
臨界夜長
critical period
感受期

Cro

Cro-Magnon
クロマニョン人
crop rotation
輪作
cross section
横断面,断面図
cross-fertilization
他家受精,交雑
crossing-over (crossing over)
交差,乗替え,交叉,のりかえ,交さ(染色体の)
crossover
乗替え,クロスオーバー,組換え
cross-pollination
他家受粉,異花受粉
crown group
crownshaft
crozier

Cru

cruciate
crucifer type
crude oil
原油,粗製油
crustacean
甲殻類

Cry

crypantherous
crypsis
保護色,隠蔽色
cryptic species
隠蔽種(いんぺいしゅ)
cryptocoylar
cryptochrome(s)
クリプトクロム,クリプトクローム
Cryptogam
隠花植物
cryptomonads
クリプト藻,クリプト藻類,クリプトモナス類
crystal

Ct

ctene
ctenophore(s)
有節動物,クシクラゲ類
C terminus
C末端

Cu

cucullate
culm
cultivar
栽培品種,園芸品種,品種,培養株
cultural control
cultural evolution
culture
文化,カルチャー,養殖,栽培
culture dish
シャーレ
cuneate
cup-shaped
cupule
curator
curie (C.)
キュリー
cuspidate
cutan
cuticle
表皮,上皮
cutin

Cy

Cya

cyanobacteria
藍藻,ラン藻,ラン藻類,シアノバクテリア,blue-green algae.cyanobacteriumの複数形
cyanobacterium (pl. cyanobacteria)
cyanobacteriaの単数形.
cyathium

Cyc

cycle
周期
cyclic AMP (cAMP)
サイクリックAMP,環状AMP,環状アデノシン一リン酸
cyclic electron flow
cyclic electron transport
環状電子伝達
cyclin
サイクリン
cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)
サイクリン依存性キナーゼ,サイクリンキナーゼ
cycly

Cym

cyme
cymule

Cyp

cyphellum (pl. cyphellae)
cypsela

Cys

cysteine
システイン
cystolith

Cyt

cytokine
サイトカイン
cytokinesis
細胞質分裂
cytokinin(s)
サイトカイニン
cytoplasm
細胞質
cytoplasmic determinants
cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)
cytoplasmic segregation
cytoplasmic streaming
原形質流動,細胞質流動
cytosine(C)
シトシン
cytoskeleton
細胞骨格
cytosol
サイトゾル,細胞質ゾル,細胞基質
cytotoxic
細胞傷害性の,細胞を殺傷する
cytotoxic T cells (Tc)
細胞傷害性T細胞,キラーT細胞