提供: 広島大学デジタル自然史博物館 植物
direct costs (costs, direct)
Glossary of "Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet (2nd ed.)" by Botkin & Keller (1998)
- In economics, costs borne by the producer and passed directly on to the user or purchaser.
- Botkin, D. B. & Keller, E. A. 1998. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, 2nd ed. -xxxxii + 649 pp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.