- 分化，微分[数学] （日本語）
Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- A developmental process during which a relatively unspecialized cell or tissue becomes specialized in form or function.
Glossary of "Life (9th ed.)" by Sadava et al. (2011)
- The process whereby originally similar cells follow different developmental pathways; the actual expression of determination.
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.
- Sadava, D., Hillis, D. M., Heller, H. C. & Berenbaum, M. R. 2011. Life: The Science of Biology, 9th ed. -xliv + 1266 pp. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.