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Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)

  • A branching diagram specifying hierarchical relationships among taxa based upon homologies (synapomorphies). A cladogram includes no connotation of ancestry and has no implied time axis. Cf. phylogenetic tree.

Glossary of "Plant Systematics (1st ed.)" by Simpson (2006)

  • A branching diagram that conceptually represents the best estimate of phylogeny. Syn: phylogenetic tree.

Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)

  • A branching diagram depicting relationships among taxa; i.e., an estimated history of the relative sequence in which they have evolved from common ancestors.

Glossary of "Molecular Systematics (2nd ed.)" by Hillis et al. (1996)

  • A tree that depicts inferred historical branching relationships among entities. Unless otherwise stated, the depicted branch lengths in a cladogram are arbitrary; only the branching order is significant. See phylogram.


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