生物の用語集(アルファベット順) C

提供: 広島大学デジタル自然史博物館 植物
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目次

生物用語集(アルファベット順)Glossary

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H I J K L M N
O P Q R S T U
V W X Y Z
!?

C

C horizon
-> parent rock:母岩
C3 pathway (C3 pathway)
C3経路
C3 plant(s) [C3 plant(s)]
C3植物
C4 pathway (C4 pathway)
C4経路
C4 photosynthesis (C4 photosynthesis)
C4 plant(s) [C4 plant(s)]
C4植物

Ca

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase
->CaM-kinase
cactus
サボテン,サボテン類
cadherin
カドヘリン
caducous
Caenorhabditis elegans
caged molecule
CAK
-> Cdk-activating kinase
calcitonin
calcium pump
-> Ca2+ pump
calcrete (caliche)
caliche
-> calcrete
callose
カロース
callus
calmodulin
calorie
カロリー
Calvin-Benson cycle
calybium and cupule
どんぐり状果,殻斗果
calyptra
calyptrate
calyx
calyx lobes
CAM
cambrian explosion
Camin-Sokal optimization
CaM-kinase
CaM-kinase II
cAMP
-> cyclic AMP
campanulate
cAMP-dependent protein kinase
-> protein kinase A
camouflage
(n) カムフラージュ,擬装,変装;(v) カムフラージュする
CAM plants
camptodromous
campylodromous
campylotropous
canaliculate
cancellous bone
canescent
cannibalism
cancer
canopy
capillaries 
毛細血管
capillary bed
毛細血管床
capillary bristle
capitate
capitulum
capsid
capsule
Ca2+ pump (calcium pump, Ca2+ ATPase)
carbohydrate(s)
炭水化物
carbon
炭素
carbon dioxide (CO2)
二酸化炭素
carbon dioxide assimilation
炭酸同化
carbon dioxide fixation
炭酸固定
carbon fixation reaction
carbon sink
carbon skeleton
carbonaceous
carbonate
carbonyl group
carboxylase
carboxylation
カルボキシル化
carboxyl group
carboxyl terminus
-> C terminus
carcinogen
carcinoma
cardiac_cycle
cardiac muscle
心筋
cardiovascular system
carinate
carnivore(s)
carnose
carotenoid
carotid body
carpel
carpellate
carpophore
carrageenan
カラギーナン,カラジーナン,カラゲナン,カラギナン,カラゲニン(carrageenin)
carrageenin
-> carrageenan
carrier
carrier protein
->transporter
carrying_capacity (K)
cartilage
cartilage bone
cartilaginous
caruncle
caryopses
caryopsis
caryophyllid type
cascade
-> signaling cascade
Casparian strip
カスパリー線
caspase
catabolic reaction
catabolism
異化
catalyst
触媒
catalytic action
触媒作用
catalyze
触媒作用を及ぼす
cataphyll
catastrophe factor
catastrophic agents
β-catenin
-> beta catenin:
cation
catkin
caudal
caudate
caudex
caudiciform stem
caulescent
cauliflorus
cauline
caveola (pl. caveolae)
cavity
腔(こう,くう)

Cd

CD4
CD8
CD28
Cdc6
Cdc20
Cdc25
Cdc gene (cell-division-cycle gene)
Cdk
-> cyclin-dependent kinase
Cdk-activating kinase
Cdk inhibitor protein
cDNA
cDNA_library
Cdt1

Ce

cecum
cell
細胞
cell adhesion molecule
->CAM
cell biology
細胞生物学
cell cortex
cell cycle
細胞周期
cell cycle control system
cell differentiation
cell division
cell-division-cycle gene
-> Cdc gene
cell expansion
細胞増殖
cell fate
cell-free system
cell junctions
cell line
cell membrane
細胞膜
cell memory
cell plate
細胞板
cell recognition
cell senescence
-> replicative cell senescence
cell signaling
cell theory
cell transformation
->transformation
cell wall
細胞壁
cellular endosperm
cellular immune response
cellular respiration
細胞呼吸,内呼吸
cellular
細胞の,細胞
cellularization
cellulose
セルロース
cellulose microfibril
セルロースミクロフィブリル
cellulose-rich cell wall
coniferous forest
針葉樹林
central
central cell
central dogma
central nervous system (CNS)
中枢神経系,脳神経系
central lymphoid organ (primary lymphoid organ)
central vacuole
Cenozoic era
新生代
centigrade
セ氏,摂氏
centric leaf
centrifugal
centrifuge
centriole
中心小体,中心粒
centripetal
centromere
セントロメア,動原体
centrosome
中心体
cephalization
cephalodium (pl. cephalodia)
頭状体
cephalopod
頭足類
cereal(s)
cerebral cortex
大脳皮質
cerebral hemisphere
大脳半球
cerebrum
大脳
cernuous
cervix
cespitose/caespitose

Cg

CG island
cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate)
CGN
-> cis Golgi network:

Ch

chaff
chalazal
chamaephyte
地表植物
channel (membrane channel)
channel-forming junction
channel protein
chaparral
低木林
chaperone (molecular chaperone)
character(s)
形質,特徴,特性
character analysis
character congruence
character correlation
character displacement
character evolution
character optimization
characteristic species
標徴種
character state
形質状態
character step matrix
character × taxon matrix
charcoalification
chartaceous
chasmogamy
checkpoint
cheiropterophily
chelate
キレート
chelonian
カメの
chemical
化学の
chemical-biological theory
chemical biology
chemical bond(s)
chemical evolution
chemical reaction
chemical synapse
chemically gated channel
chemiosmosis
chemiosmotic coupling
chemoheterotroph
chemokine
chemolithotrophic bacteria
無機栄養細菌
chemoreceptor
chemosystematics
化学分類,化学系統分類
chemotaxis
chemotaxonomy
化学分類,化学分類学
chenopodial type
chiasma (pl. chiasmata)
Chihuahuan Desert
chimera
chinampas agriculture
ChIP
-> chromatin immunoprecipitation
chitin
キチン
Chlorobionta
chlorophyll
葉緑素,クロロフィル
chlorophyll a
クロロフィルa
chlorophyll b
クロロフィルb
chlorophyllous
chlorophyllous cell
chloroplast
葉緑体
choanocyte
cholecystokinin
cholesterol
コレステロール
chondrocyte (cartilage cell)
chordate
脊索動物,脊椎動物
chorion
chorological progression, criterion of
chromatids
chromatin
クロマチン
chromatin immunoprecipitation
chromatin remodeling complex
chromatography
chromoplast
chromoplasts
chromosomal mutation
chromosome(s)
染色体
chronology
年代学,編年,クロノロジー
chylomicron
chyme
キーム,糜粥(びじゅく),消化粥

Ci

CI
-> consistency index
ci
-> consistency index
cilia
-> cilium (pl. cilia)
ciliate
繊毛虫
ciliated
繊毛性の
ciliolate
cilium (pl. cilia)
cincinnus
circadian clock
概日時計
circadian rhythm
概日リズム,概日周期,サーカディアンリズム
circannual rhythm
circinate
circinate vernation
circumferential
circumscissile capsule
circumscribe
制限する,囲む,取り囲む,周りに境界線を引く,境界線を描く,周囲を囲む,外接する,外接させる,束縛する
circumscription
定義,限界,範囲,分類学的限界,制限,限定,周辺,周囲,外接,サーカムスクリプション
cirrhose
cis
シス
cisternae
circulatory system
循環器,循環系,循環器系
citric acid cycle (or tricarboxylic acid cycle, Krebs cycle)
クエン酸回路,TCAサイクル,TCA回路,クレブス回路(Krebs cycle),トリカルボン酸回路

Ck

CKI

Cl

clade(s)
クレード.共通祖先をもつまとまり.
clade stability
-> Bremer support
clade stability index (CSI)
cladistic
分岐学の,分岐分類学の,分岐分類の,分岐解析の
cladistic analysis
分岐解析,分岐分析
cladistic consistency
cladistic covariation
cladistics
分岐学,分岐分類学
cladode/cladodophyll
cladodromous
cladogram(s)
分岐図
cladogram robustness
clambering
class(es)
綱(分類階級のひとつ)
classification
分類
class I MHC protein (class I MHC molecules)
class II MHC protein (class II MHC molecules)
class switch
clathrin
clava
clavate
claw
clay
粘土,土,泥
cleavage
卵割
cleft
cleistogamy
climate
気候
climatic climax
climax
極相,クライマックス,極期
climax community
climax-pattern hypothesis
climbing
climbing plant
蔓植物,つる植物
climograph
クライモグラフ,雨温図
clinal variation
clique
clonal deletion
clonal selection
clonal selection theory
clone
クローン
cloning vector
cloaca
総排出腔,総排泄腔
closed circulatory system
closed nutrient system
closed population
clot
かたまり
club moss(es)
ヒカゲノカズラ類
clumped distribution
集中分布
cluster analysis
クラスタ分析.多変量解析のひとつ.
cluster
(n) クラスター,集団,群れ,房,塊,束; (v) クラスター形成する,集めて一団にする,密集する,群がる

Cn

cnidarians
刺胞動物

Co

Coa

coactivator
coastal zone
coarse-grained habitat
coastal
沿岸の,海岸の
coated vesicle

Coc

coccus (pl. cocci)
球菌
coccolith
cochlea

Cod

coding
coding region(s)
翻訳領域, コード領域 <-> noncoding region(s)
coding sequence
翻訳領域にコードされた配列
coding
翻訳領域の <-> noncoding
codominance
共優性
codominant
共優性の
codon(s)

Coe

coelom
coenocytic
coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, HSCoA)
補酵素A,コエンザイムA
coenzyme(s)
coevolution
共進化
coevolutionary plant-animal associations

Cof

cofactor(s)

Coh

coherent
cohesin
コヒーシン
cohesion
凝集
cohesion-tension theory
cohort
群,コーホート
cohort life table

Coi

coiled-coil
co-immunoprecipitation

Col

coleoptile
coleozhia
collagen
collateral
collateral bud
collateral bundle
collecting duct
collenchyma
collenchyma cell(s)
colleter
color pattern
colon
結腸
colony (pl. colonies)
コロニー
colony stimulating factor
coloration
着色(法),彩色,配色,呈色
colporate
colpus
columella
column

Com

combinable components consensus tree
combination nova
commemorative
commensalism
commonality
common pruned tree
-> greatest agreement subtree
common garden
common name(s)
communication
community
共同体,共同社会,地域社会,群集,(植物)群落,(動物)群生
community structure
comose
compact bone
companion cell
伴細胞
comparative experiment
comparative genomics
compartment
compartment model
compatible character(s)
compensation point
competition
競争,生存競争,競合,競合作用,競争相手
competitive exclusion
competitive exclusion principle
competitive inhibitor
competitor(s)
競争相手,競争者,競合者
compensatory effects
complement system
complementary
相補的な
complementary base pairing
complementary DNA
->cDNA
complementation
complete
complete cleavage
complete metamorphosis
complex
複合体,複合物,錯体,複合の,複雑な,複雑なまとまり
complex tissue
complex trait
component‎(s)‎
component information
composition
組成,構成,成分
compound
化合物
compound cone
compound corymb
compound cyme
compound dichasium
compound eye
複眼
compound leaf (pl. compound leaves)
複葉
compound light microscope
compound ovary/pistil
compound perforation plate
compound receptacle
compound sieve plate
compound umbel
compromise tree(s)
computer
コンピュータ,コンピューター,電子計算機,自動計算機,電子式汎用計算機,電算機,電脳

Con

concentration gradient
濃度勾配
concerted evolution
concordance
condensation reaction
condensin
conditional mutation
conduction
conduplicate
cone(s)
球果,松かさ
confer
configuration
conflict
(n) 不一致,矛盾,衝突,対立;(v) 矛盾する,対立する,葛藤する,コンフリクトする,相克する
congruence test
congruent character
congruent cladograms
conidium (pl. conidia)
分生子,分生胞子
conifer(s)
針葉樹,球果植物
coniferous forest
針葉樹林
conjugation
conjunction test
connate
connate-perfoliate
connectance
connective
connective tissue
結合組織,結合織
connexin
connexon
connivent
consensus method
consensus sequence
consensus tree
conservation biology
conservation ecology
保全生態学
conservation
保護,保全,保存
conservation of names
conserve
保護する,保全する,保存する
conserved
consistency
一貫性,常に変わらないこと,物事が同じパターンに沿っていること,整合性,濃度,堅さ
consistency index (ci, CI)
consistent character
conspecifics
constancy
constant character
constant region
constitutive
constitutive secretory pathway
constrained, two-step analysis
consumer(s)
消費者
consumption
消費,消費量
contiguous
continental climates
continental drift
大陸移動(説)
continental shelf
大陸棚
continuous character
contorted
contractile ring
contractile root(s)
contractile vacuole
contraction
収縮
control(s)
コントロール,対照,調節,制御,支配,規制,対象区,比較になるもの,対照実験,コントロール実験
controlled experiment
convection
convergence
収斂(しゅうれん)
convergent evolution
収斂進化
convolute

Cop

copulation

Cor

coral reef(s)
珊瑚礁
cordate
cordate/cordiform
coriaceous
cork
(n) コルク,コルク製品,コルク栓,コルク質,木栓,栓皮;(aj) コルク製の;(v) コルクでふさぐ,コルクを詰める,コルクの栓をする
cork cambium
コルク形成層,栓皮形成層,木栓形成層
corm
球茎,芋
cormel
cornea
corolla
花冠
corolla lobe
corona
coronary artery
coronary thrombosis
coronate
corpus luteum
correct name
corridor
コリドー,回廊地帯,廊下,重要なルート
cortex
皮層(地衣類の―)
corticosteroids
corticotropin
corticotropin-releasing hormone
cortisol
corymb

Cos

cost
costa
costapalmate
cost-benefit analysis
cost matrix

Cot

cotyledon
子葉
cotylespermous

Cou

countercurrent flow
countercurrent multiplier
couplet

Cov

covalent bond
共有結合
covariance
共分散

Cp

CpG islands

Cr

craspedodromous
crassinucellate
crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)
ベンケイソウ型酸代謝,ベンケイソウ型有機酸代謝,CAM型光合成
crenate
crenulate
crista(e)
クリステ
criterion of chorological progression
-> chorological progression
criterion of geological character precedence
-> geological character precedence:
critical load
critical night length
critical period
cross-fertilization
他家受精,交雑
crossing-over (crossing over)
交差,乗替え,交叉,のりかえ,交さ(染色体の)
crossover
乗替え,クロスオーバー,組換え
cross-pollination
他家受粉,異花受粉
crownshaft
crozier
cruciate
crucifer type
crustacean
甲殻類
crypantherous
crypsis
cryptic species
隠蔽種(いんぺいしゅ)
cryptocoylar
cryptochrome(s)
Cryptogam
隠花植物
cryptomonads
クリプト藻,クリプト藻類,クリプトモナス類
crystal

Ct

ctene
ctenophore(s)
有節動物,クシクラゲ類
C terminus
C末端

Cu

cucullate
culm
cultivar
栽培品種,園芸品種,品種,培養株
cultural control
culture
culture dish
シャーレ
cuneate
cup-shaped
cupule
curator
cuspidate
cutan
cuticle
cutin

Cy

cyanobacteria
藍藻,ラン藻,ラン藻類,シアノバクテリア,blue-green algae.cyanobacteriumの複数形
cyanobacterium (pl. cyanobacteria)
cyanobacteriaの単数形.
cyathium
cycle
周期
cyclic AMP (cAMP)
cyclic electron flow
cyclic electron transport
cyclin
cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)
cycly
cyme
cymule
cyphellum (pl. cyphellae)
cypsela
cysteine
システイン
cystolith
cytokine
cytokinesis
細胞質分裂
cytokinin(s)
cytoplasm
細胞質
cytoplasmic determinants
cytoplasmic_segregation
cytoplasmic streaming
cytosine(C)
cytoskeleton
細胞骨格
cytosol
cytotoxic
細胞傷害性の,細胞を殺傷する
cytotoxic T cells (Tc)
細胞傷害性T細胞,キラーT細胞